Surah An-Naba: ( the Tidings)
- Why do people disagree about the Day. It will come as promised.
- Allah (swt) mentions some of His signs and creations here.
- Hell is waiting for the transgressors. They will remain there forever.
- For the righteous is a reward from Allah (swt).
- Nobody will be able to say/do anything to you on that Day, except Allah (swt) if He wants. So do everything now to please Allah (swt) only.
- Disbelievers will say: Oh I wish that I were dust
Surah An-Naziat: (Those who drag forth)
- Angels who extract the soul with violence or remove it with ease.
- Angels race in obeying Allah (swt). One Horn blast will be followed by another two. A sound unimaginable. Hearts will be trembling.
- Developing fear of Allah (swt) is a sign of guidance. Must remove the pride from our hearts.
- There will be no escape from the terrors of the overwhelming calamity.
- On that Day, each person will remember each thing we strove for here on earth, in this dunya. What we did with our lives. It will be great embarrassment for us. Therefore remember your forgotten sins now. Repent.
- Seize the opportunities now and make the efforts now. The striving is what will be examined.
- So whoever transgressed and preferred the life of this world, Hell will be his refuge.
- But the one who is anxious and fearful about standing in front of Allah (swt), the one who prevented his/her soul from unlawful inclination, for those who could control their nafs, their desires, Paradise will be the refuge for them
- It is very difficult to control the nafs. It’s very easy to advise others, but very hard to advise and control yourself.
- Aah-oozubika min shari-nafsi: Oh Allah I seek your protection from the evil of the soul.
- Many times the nafs finds pleasure in sins. For example: gheeba and talking badly of others makes you feel good.
- On that Day, this world, this dunya will seem like an afternoon or just a morning.
- All the difficulty of this world is no comparison to the difficulty of that Day. Are problems here, now are nothing compared to the problems and punishment of that Day. Worries of this life are not real. The real worry is saving ourselves on the Day. Akhirah. Worry about that.
Surah Abasa: (the Frowned)
- Prophet (saw) frowned and turned away one time, when a blind man came and interrupted his conversation. (this blind man was the cousin of Khadeejah (ra)) The prophet was speaking to big tribal leaders. It irritated him a little that this blind man came to interrupt him, and so he ignored the blind man and continued speaking to the tribal leaders.
- This was unacceptable by Allah (swt), because the prophet (saw) was supposed to be an example and practice of the most excellent manners and character.
- Sometimes we frown over such little things people say. We should not be like this.
- Allah (swt) says: Why did you ignore him? ( the blind man) Maybe he would have benefitted from your knowledge? Why was he not worthy of it?
- Allah (swt) is saying that this blind man was worth your attention, Prophet. The man had a disability ( he was blind) and was looking for Allah (swt) and guidance. He was worth the attention!
- Rather than those who are wealthy and arrogant. To them you give your attention? These people who don’t even faith, they don’t want to learn. Leave them.
- But the poor one, the disabled one, etc. who comes to you striving for knowledge while fearing Allah (swt), from him you are distracted?
- The one who is eager to learn has great value in front of Allah (swt). Pay attention to those people.
- Man is so arrogant. But why? He was created from a mere sperm drop. And Allah (swt) gave him the strength and the abilities to move around etc. Allah (swt) made it easy for him. Then he is killed and Allah (swt) provides a grave for him.
- Our freedom is for a few days. After we die, we are in the grave and cannot move. We cannot break through the jail of the grave.
- Allah (swt) says: Man has not accomplished what He commanded him.
- We have never done enough, never accomplished enough. It will never be enough. Should continue to do more, before it’s too late.
- Let us, let mankind look at his food. How much food have we eaten. And how many deeds have we performed. There is no match at all.
- Look at these blessings of food, etc.
- On that Day, each person will be worried about himself. And only himself, running from his brother, mother, father, wife and children.
- There will be no capacity to worry about others
- Some faces will be bright that Day. Laughing, rejoicing and at good news. Other faces will have dust on them. Blackness will cover them. Those will be the wicked disbelievers.
Surah At-Tawkir: (the Overthrowing)
- A detailed picture of the Day of Judgement is described here: Sun will be wrapped up, giving no light. Mountains will have collapsed. There will be chaos. Nothing will be as it was. Most prized possessions ( for example a pregnant camel) will be neglected and ignored. Stars will fall dispersed, seas filled with flames, girls buried alive will be asked for what sin they were killed. Pages of our deeds will be made public, sky will be stripped away. Wild beast, bears, lions, cheetah will gather together. Water will burn. Destruction will take place at the most molecular level. Mankind will be standing on flat land. Souls will join their resurrected bodies. The abused and oppressed will be asked, not the killers. Hell will be viewed. Paradise will be seen. None of our valuables will come with us. Only our deeds! Quran is a reminder for all people to all the worlds!
Surah Al-Infitar: (the Cleaving)
- And when contents of graves are scattered
- So oh mankind what has deceived you about your Lord, the Generous
- Who created you, so perfectly balanced, proportioned, beautifully. Every hair, every nail etc.
- He assembled us, in whatever form He willed.
- We can never fully comprehend the enormity of the Day, until the Day.
Surah Al-Mutaffifin: (the Defrauding)
- Woe to those who give less than due in Zakah.
- Who take their measure in full, but give in loss to others.
- We spend days, weeks, months preparing for birthdays, moving days, anniversaries, weddings, etc. But this Day, will be the most important meeting, a very difficult day. It will be 50,000 years long, and it’s what we must prepare for. Imagine the heat that day. Immersed in sweat to our ears. For the believer the standing will be easy. For the believer it’ll be like the from the declining of sun, until sunset.
- When a person is fully immersed in the worship of Allah (swt), he loses focus of he time. For him, the standing of the Day will be easy.
- Stained are the hearts of believers from sins.
- Records of the righteous will be recorded in Illiyum. This is a place where the righteous will be admitted. A person who prays salat and then next salat without saying anything bad, no idle talk, just silence, between. These names will be added to the Illiyum
- Jannah is closed, nobody has seen it. Not even gabriel.
- Be Abrar: righteous, faithful, virtuous.
- Compete for Jannah
- Tasneem is a spring to drink from
- Those (the disbelievers) who used to mock and joke about the believers will now have them laughed at on this Day.
Surah Al-Inshiqaq: (the Sundering)
- The sky will split open. Earth will be extended and empty
- We are not here forever. Everything has an end. There are numbered days that cannot be increased. Each brings us closer to death.
- Life is a journey, constantly moving. Very soon we will be standing in front of Him.
- Records given in the right hand, will have an easy account and will rejoice in happiness with their families.
- Records given behind their backs, will be those who are rejoicing so much right now in the world with their families, that they forget Allah (swt). These people will cry out for destruction and will enter the Hellfire.
- Be happy with family. But remember the right of Allah (swt).
- Deeds uninterrupted will be given a reward uninterrupted.
Surah Al-Buruj: (the Mansions of the Stars)
- Allah is affectionate and loving
- Cursed are those who asked or commanded the believers to renounce their religion, their beliefs. On the Day they will be thrown into a trench of burning oil.
- Those who tortured believing men and women, and did not repent, will have a punishment of Hellfire.
Surah At-Tariq: (the Nightcommer)
- If you want to be amazed, just look at how your own body was created.
- Quran is a statement, it’s not for amusement
Surah Al-A’la: (the Most High)
- This surah with Surah Ghashiyah was recited together often)
- Everything was created in total balance
- Deen is all ease. Life is not easy. Deen is doable, its practical. There are hardships along the way for everything in life. Jannah is the only place free of hardships.
- Ultimately their will be ease
- So remind if reminder should benefit. The one who fears will be reminded
- Successful is the one who purifies himself/herself, Dhikr, remembers Allah (swt) and prays salah. These are difficult if you cannot control the nafs
- But we prefer this-worldly life. Even though the HereAfter is better and forever.
- It’s the world that makes us forget Allah (swt).
- This life is short-lived. Very few days.
Surah Al-Ghashiyah: (the Overwhelming)
- The overwhelming event: the Day of Judgement
- We want our efforts to pay off. Our efforts should lead us to Allah (swt). Our efforts and actions should pay off in the end. We check ourselves. And see if our efforts will pay off. Will we be tired and exhausted and then thrown into Hell because we wasted our time on wasteful useless efforts and actions?
- Check yourself before you wreck yourself
- Some faces will show exhaustion, tired, from wasting their efforts on useless things here on earth. These will be thrown into Hell.
- Other faces will show pleasure. Satisfied with their efforts in their lives. Deeds that will make Allah (swt) happy.
- We spend so much time pleasing and making others happy. What are we doing to please only Allah (swt). What did we do best? Work hard just for Allah (swt). Do our super best for Allah (swt).
Surah Al-Fajr: (the Dawn)
- Passing of each night. It’s a sign. Each night is a warning and a reminder for us of death. That lives will pass just like the night passes by. Every life will come to an end.
- Allah (swt) is watching us
- Respect the weak, orphans and poor. Take care of them. Look out for them.
- We devour the share of wealth with others.
- Inheritance must be distributed, properly
- We have hugely, terrible destructive love for money. It is the root of all evil. Destroys man and makes him stingy. Leads to many sins.
- On that Day, Hell will be shown.
- Prophet (saw) said that on the Day, Hell will be brought on brittles. 70,000 brittles. Each brittle will be carried by 70,000 angels. Total of 4,900,000,000 angels
- That Day man will remember and believe. But what will be the point of that then. It will be too late by then.
Surah Al-Balad: (the city)
- Taking pride in extravagance. Spending extravagantly. This is all wrong
- We must prefer others, before us
- Feeding others when you yourself are hungry. Being compassion towards others in need. Even though you are hungry, or in some need, etc.
- Feed an orphan or needy person in misery, on a day of severe hunger
- We are living in this world to do work: to worship Allah (swt), to look out and take care, and help His creation as well.
- This requires compassion and patience. Must advise others to do the same.
Surah Ash-Shams: (the Sun)
- This is another surah that the Prophet (saw) recited frequently
Surah Al-Layl: (the Night)
- Those who give and fear Allah (swt).
- Don’t be deceived by the amount of your good deeds. It’s never enough. It’s not a green light to do some sinning.
- generosity with sincerity, avoid wrong, conforming to the truth will make obedience and Islam easier. Like a domino effect.
- Give your wealth to purify yourself.
- Give what you love. It will clean your heart.
- Give seeking the face of satisfaction of Allah (swt)
Surah Ad-Duhaa: (the Morning Hours)
- By the morning brightness and night that covers it with darkness.
- Oh Muhammad (saw), Allah (swt) has not left you or detested you.
- HereAfter is better than this life.
- During a period in his life, the Prophet (saw) did not get any revelations. This worried him.
- So Allah (swt) is reassuring him. Allah (swt) is saying here that: Don’t worry.
- Allah (swt) says: that if it were constantly day time, it would be difficult for people. Therefore He has made the night, as a break for us. And so similarly, there are times when prophet (saw) will receive revelations and some time that he will not.
- Same goes for life: sometimes we get good things. Sometimes we don’t
- There is a need for a little time for rest and rejuvenation
- Allah (swt) says He will reward you for your efforts, and you will be satisfied.
- Allah (swt) reminds Muhammad (saw) that: Didn’t He find you as an orphan and give you refuge. You were lost and then He guided you. You were poor and He made you (Muhammad (saw)) self-sufficient.
- Have faith is Allah (swt)’s promises.
- Prophet Muhammad (saw) was an orphan. All his family members and relatives died. He was severely tested.
- As for the orphan, don’t oppress him. Take care of them
- As for the petitioner, don’t repel him
- As for the favor of your Lord, share it, report it. Humbly. Don’t boast about it, but share it
Surah Ash-Sharh: (the Relief)
- Did not Allah (swt) expand for you, your breast. Relief, oh Prophet.
- Removed the burden that weighed on your back.
- Before revelations, Prophet Muhammad (saw) used to spend a lot of time alone, in a cave. He was not comfortable or happy with his people.
- The shirk committed by them, he would feel tight and uncomfortable with them.
- So Allah (swt) revealed to him, the Haqq, which then relaxed Prophet Muhammad (saw)’s heart.
- Each person seeking his Lord, feels this burden. Doesn’t find joy, happiness in anything. Money, food, family, etc.
- The heart is truly satisfied when he/she finds Allah (swt)
- Greatest joy and ease is when a persons finds Allah (swt).
- So Allah made Prophet Muhammad (saw) famous.
- So when you are done with your duties. Stand up to worship
- And to your Lord, direct your longing.
- Don’t waste your life having fun!!
Surah At-Tin: (the Fig)
- Allah (swt) created us in the best form. We stand up straight, best stature.
- But instead of standing up straight and worshipping Allah (swt), man clings, stoops down in love with this Earth.
- It is said that the on recites the Quran regularly, won’t ever reach extremely old age or dependence. Allah (swt) will protect him/her
- Allah (swt) is the most just of all judges
Surah Al-Alaq: (the Clot)
- Iqra: read, recite
- Knowledge through the tool: the Pen (Ayah 4)
- Allah (swt) taught men that which he does not know
- But the man sees himself in this life as self-sufficient
- Don’t follow listen to those who disobey and sin. Don’t listen to anybody stopping you from sajdah (prostration), no matter what!
Surah Al-Qadr: (the Power)
- Night of Decree, Night of Qadr. This night’s worship is better than a 1000 months.
- There is peace felt at this night.
Surah Al-Bayyinah: (the Clear proof)
- The clear proof was sent to them
- Those who believe and do good, are the best of the creation
- THeir reward will be with Allah (swt). Those who fear Allah (swt).
- Do action that Allah (swt) likes
- Those who are the best of the creation, are those who spend their life in the service of the Allah (swt), Always
- The one who is next best is the one who gives athan and worships Allah (swt)
- The worst of creation is some who is asked for something in the name of Allah (swt), but refuses to give it.
Surah Az-Zalzalah: (the Earthquake)
- The final earthquake. Earth discharges its burdens. That day earth will report its news. All the sins of the people of earth will be shown.
- People will be separated into groups as a result of their deeds.
- So whoever does an atom weight of good will see it. And whoever does an atom weight of bad/evil will see it
- Don’t belittle any deed
Surah Al-Adiyat: (the Courser)
- Comparing horses to mankind
- The racers (horses) panting, producing sparks when striking, charging at dawn for worship, stirring up clouds of dust, arriving for worship together to the center
- But mankind, is ungrateful.
- Mankind in intense love with money and wealth. He doesn’t realize on that day everything will be exposed.
Surah Al-Qariah: (the Calamity)
- Striking Calamity, is the Day
- People will be like moths, dispersed
- Mountains like wool, fluffy
- Heavy scales of good will lead to a pleasant life
- Light scales will lead to refuge in the abyss, An intensely hot Fire
Surah Al-Thakathur: (the Rivalry in the world, increase)
- Competition in (worldly) life diverts us from worrying or focusing on the Day and the HereAfter. Diverts our attention and motivation. Desire to have more and more has destroyed us.
- Until we visit the graveyards
- If we only knew with knowledge of certainty, we would not be doing this
- Until we see Hellfire. We will surely see it with an eye of certainty.
- Then we will surely be asked about pleasure (Ayah 8)
- Blessings will be asked about. So be grateful.
Surah Al-Asr: (the Declining Day)
- By time, mankind is in loss
- Except those who have believed and done righteous deeds, and advised each other to truth. And advised each other to patience
- No matter what, without time, we have nothing. Can not enjoy, can not do anything. All that food, etc will be wasted, without time.
Surah Al-Humazah: (the Transducer)
- Woe to the scorner and mocker. Who collects money and continuously counts it.
- Who thinks that his wealth will make him immortal
- Can’t buy eternity with wealth. It will not avert death
- Surely he/she will be thrown into the Crusher- the fire of Allah (swt), that is eternally fueled.
Surah Al-Fil: (the Elephant)
- Consider how Allah (swt) dealt with the people of the elephant. Who had come to destroy the Kaaba.
- Allah (swt) mis-guided their plans, by sending birds against them in flocks, striking them with stones of hard clay. This collapsed them.
Surah Quraysh: (Quraysh)
- The Quraysh enjoyed so much security all over the region
- Because they were custodians of the Kaaba. They enjoyed security all the time, in their caravans, during trade in summer and winter
- They should worship their Lord of the Kaaba
- Never forget Allah (swt), after enjoying the blessings of Allah (swt).
- The One Who has fed them, saving them from hunger, made them safe, saving them from fear
Surah Al-Maun: (the Small Kindnesses)
- Learn the correct way of prayer,
- Some pray but are heedless of their prayer.
- The one who denies the Day
- Drives away orphan
- Doesn’t encourage feeding of the poor
- Those who show off their deeds
- Withhold simple assistance. Stinginess. For example: salt
Surah Al-Kawthar: (the Abundance)
- Oh disbelievers. I don’t worship what you worship. Nor are you worshippers of what I worship. Nor will I be a worshipper of what you worship. Nor will you be a worshipper of what I worship. For you is your religion and for me is my religion
- This surah is considered to be a quarter of the Quran
Surah An-Nasr: (the Divine Support)
- When the victory of Allah (swt) has come, and you see in multitudes people entering Islam, then praise Allah (swt), and repent to Him.
Surah Al-Masad: (the Palm fiber)
- May the hands of Abu-Lahab be ruined. He is ruined.
- All his efforts are wasted
- His wealth won’t avail or that which he gained
- He will enter Fire blazing
- His wife too. With a rope of twisted fiber around her neck.
- The love of wealth is useless.
- His wife used to spread opposition against the Prophet (saw). She would say: If I have to give up this expensive and priceless necklace to do so,(spread opposition) I’ll do it.
- That is how much she hated the Prophet (saw)
*Surah Al-Ikhlas: (the Sincerity)
- Say: Allah (swt), He is the One
- Allah (swt) the Eternal refuge
- He neither begets nor is He born. Nothing is equivalent to Him.
- No one is worthy or deserving besides Him.
*Surah Al-Falaq: (the Daybreak)
- Seek refuge in Lord of daybreak, from evil that He created. Evil of the darkness, evil of the blowers in knots, from evil of an envier when he envies.
*Surah An-Nas: (the Mankind)
- I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind, Sovereign of mankind, God of mankind
- From: evil of whisperers (repenting from shaytan), who whispers evil into breaks of mankind. From among the jinn and mankind. from internal and external evil and enemies.
- Shaytan wants evil to look good to us.
- We must protect our nafs, so remember Dhikr!!