2. Surah Al-Baqarah

 

Ayah 2:1: Alif, Laam, Meem:

  • These are Haruf Muqatta’at. The disjointed letters.
  • Appear in 29 surahs, meaning 29 surahs start with these types of letters.
  • They have no meaning. No need to delve deeply into the matter or trying to guess what they mean.
  • They simply attract attention to the listener. Alert the listener.
  • The ayah that follows these letters, exalts the Quran.
  • In a way it proves the miraculous nature of the Quran. To prove that the Quran is not imitable. Cannot be imitated.
  • These letters are unmatched secrets of Allah (swt) and the Quran. Their meaning is known only to Him.

 

 

Ayah 2:2: This is the Book of Allah, there is no doubt about it. It is a guidance to God fearing people

  • There is no doubt in it.
  • The first original copy or version is in heaven, no here in the dunya, in this world. It is with Allah (swt), Lawhi Mahfooz.
  • One copy is with the Angels.
  • One copy is with us, down here.
  • The copy that the Angels have is the copy we have.
  • Guidance for those that adopt Taqwah (God-consciousness. A feeling that saves a person from sinning….
  • It is 100% correct, factual, with absolutely no doubt. It is undoubtedly from Allah (swt).
  • Two type of guidance:
    • Hidaya Ilmi: (Hidaya Irshad): having knowledge
    • Hidaya Amali/Tawfeeq: those who study and have knowledge, but also implement the knowledge.
  • More Taqwa leads to more guidance which leads to more taqwa which then leads to more guidance, so on and so forth.
  • Guidance is in the hands of Allah (swt)
  • Make dua for contentment and taqwa. This Book is for those who have Taqwa and piety.
  • Quran is a guidance for those people who really want to protect themselves.

 

 

Ayah 2:3: Who believe in the unseen, establish prayer and spend out of what We have provided for them: 

  • They ( those who believe) in the unseen with their hearts, tongue and actions.
  • Al-gayb (The Unseen) refers to: Allah (swt) Himself, angels, the Books, the Day of Judgement, Decree, Qadr, Resurrection after death, the Messengers/Prophets, Heaven, Hell.
  • This is for those who believe in these Unseen. Belief in this Unseen, Al-Gayb, means having faith in such matters, that are based on absolute confidence in the messengers and Allah (swt), despite the fact that we have not seen them with our own eyes. This is where the real test actually lies. Believing in something we have not experienced ourselves.
  • To benefit from the Quran, it is essential to believe in it and then follow it, by practice and obedience to Allah (swt).
  • Prayer is the first and continuing sign of practical obedience. Even a few hours after one embraces Islam, the adhan calls for prayer (salat), and it is evident immediately whether or not profession of faith is genuine. So get up and go pray when the athan is called.
  • Don’t abandon prayer (salat), because abandoning prayers is abandoning practical obedience.
  • So establish prayers: On time, facing the Qibla (the Kaaba), have the intention, have proper wudu, manner of prayers in accordance to Sunnah, don’t rush your prayer, pray with humility and tranquility
  • Another prerequisite to benefit from the Quran is that man should spend from what has been provided to him. Spend from what Allah (swt) has provided for you.
  • Don’t be stingy, but don’t be a worshipper of money either. Should not flinch from making financial sacrifices for the sake of Allah (swt).
  • Spending doesn’t mean just money.
  • Spending can be from: wealth, food, time, skills, knowledge, talents, etc. Spend on others.
  • Wealth can be spent in the following ways:
    • Zakat ( required)
    • Sadaqah (charity
    • Nafaqath Lazmi ( spending on which is a responsibility) For example: a husband spending on his wife and kids, etc.
  • When spending:
    • There should be no extravagance
    • There should be no stinginess
    • Should be done in moderation. Just/fair and moderate.
  • In the remember, Allah (swt) is the provider. He is the One Who has given you everything little thing ( tangible and intangible) that you possess. He is the one Who has provided you, so that we can be a mean to help others.
  • Charity does not decrease your wealth.
  • Keep giving, Allah (swt) will give you more.

 

Ayah 2:4: Who believe in the Book (the Quran) We have sent down to you (Muhammad (saw)) and in the Books/revelations before you, and firmly believe in the HereAfter:

  • Prophet Muhammad (saw) was given both the Quran and the Hadith. Therefore we cannot disconnect the two.
  • Yaqeen: is belief with conviction.
  • Belief in the Afterlife. This means that man is answerable to Allah (swt), for all his conduct in this world and that the world will come to an end at a given hour that only Allah (swt) knows. And that when this world ends Allah (swt) will bring into being another world in which He will resurrect all humans even born on Earth. He will gather them, examine them, their conduct, and grant each one a just and fair reward for his actions.

 

Ayah 2:5: Those are upon the right guidance from their Lord and it is those who are the successful:

  • Ilm and Amal. Knowledge and actions.
  • Falah: success. Falah: also used for a farmer. For a farmer puts in a lot of hard work for his farm to be successful. For him reap the benefits, he puts in a lot of hard work, before he sees the fruits.
  • Similarly for us to be successful, we must put in a lot of hard work. A lot of hard work here in this world. There is no ultimate success in this world. This world is for us to work hard so that we can reap the benefits by attaining Jannah. Jannah in complete and ultimate success. If we work hard here.
  • A Muttaqi ( one who adopts Taqwah) has 6 qualities:
    1. Belief in the unseen
    2. Establish Salat (Prayers)
    3. Spend from the Rizq, provision from Allah (swt)
    4.  Belief in the divine Books
    5. Belief in Quran and Sunnah
    6. Belief in the Day of Judgement

 

Ayah 2:6: Indeed those who are disbelievers, it is same for them whether you warn them or don’t warn them, they will not believe:

  • So those who don’t meet the above six requirements/qualities
  • This is a group of people who have knowledge but do not implement it. Opposite of the Muttaqi. This group disbelieves in the message of Prophet Muhammad (saw). Doesn’t matter if you try to warn them about the severe punishment. They have the knowledge but deny it.
  • Allah is giving reassurance to the messengers. There is nothing wrong with the messengers or the message they bring. Don’t worry it’s not your fault. There is nothing with the warning.
  • Something is wrong with the receivers that reject.
  • Warn them, or don’t warn them, it’s all the same, they will not believe.
  • The messengers were very gentle in their manners of bringing the message.
  • “Prophethood is very similar to motherhood”- Allama Iqbal. This is meant to say that both mothers and prophets are the well wishers, they warn with gentleness and with love. Love for their nation.
  • Doctors, mothers, etc are messengers in their own. They bring a message, give advice, warnings etc. They do their part. From there it is up to the kids, the patients, the nation to listen and act accordingly.

 

Ayah 2:7: Allah has set a seal upon their hearts and upon their hearing, and over their vision is a veil. And for them is a great punishment:

  • Allah (swt) has sealed their hearts and their ears as a consequence of their decision to reject faith, as a consequence of their deliberate choice to follow the wrong path and not the path of Allah (swt).
  • So the light of Hidaya (guidance) will not enter them because a seal has been placed on their hearts. These people will understand, they hear the speech, they hear the words, but the message is not being absorbed.
  • Their hearts, eyes and ears are sealed. They will not benefit because they do not want to .
  • They actually don’t think they need to change.
  • And because of their denial and rejection, a great severe and intense punishment is in store. Physical and mental punishment and torture. An Everlasting Intense Fire.
  • For example: Abu Jahl and Abu Lahab during the times of Prophet Muhammad (saw), knew that he was truthful with the message he brought them. But their (Abu Jahl and Abu Lahab) ego prevented them from accepting the message.
  • The Jews of Madinah were the same way.
  • Hell is huge. Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: A stone was thrown in Hell, it took 70 years to reach the bottom.
  • The heart is like a machine, if you don’t use it, it gets rusted. Similarly the heart is sealed if you don’t use.
  • Following desires and wishes out of arrogance hardens the heart.
  • Don’t miss the warnings. Remain open-minded and open-hearted. Be humble and accepting.
  • Kufr (denial, disbelief): The types of Kufr are matters of the heart. They will not be written on people’s faces. Therefore we should not judge anyone, because we do not know what is inside a person’s heart. We don’t know when the heart will change or turn.
  • Kufr Akbar: ( Major disbelief)
    1. Denial
    2. Doubt and suspicion
    3. Arrogance
    4. Turning away ( too distracted by world to learn the truth)
    5. Hypocrisy ( Claim to believe but deep down do not, only show to the world)
  • Kufr Asghar: (Minor disbelief)
    1. Ingratitude
  • Different manifestations of Kufr are: making fun of Islam (the beard, the hijab, prayer), disliking what the Prophet Muhammad (saw) came with, believing that any other person can be obeyed in place of Allah (swt), judging by other than the law of Allah (swt)

 

Ayah 2:8: And of the people are some who saw ” We believe in Allah and the Last Day,” but they are not believers:

  • We should check which category we fall into ourselves.
  • Recognize these different groups and types of people by their signs.
  • They would say with the tongue that they believe, but with the heart.
  • This is not true Imaan (Faith)
  • Must have the 3 levels of Imaan. Recognize and study the levels. The requirements. True Imaan is through tongue, through the heart and through actions.
  • The Munafiq (The Hypocrites) claim to be believers, but are actually not.
  • Making verbal claims and statement are not sufficient. The heart and tongue should coincide. Should say on the tongue what is the heart. Should not self-contradict.
  • Hypocrisy is the worst disease. These people say things are the are not their hearts and think they can get away with it. Double standard.
  • Say what is in your heart, because of course Allah (swt) knows it, nothing is hidden from Him. Hypocrites forget this.

 

Ayah 2:9: They think to deceive Allah and those who believe, but they deceive not except themselves and perceive it not:

  • They try to deceive Allah (swt), but cannot. This is self-delusion.
  • In reality they are just deceiving themselves. Digging a hold for themselves. The ultimate loss is for themselves.
  • These people delude themselves into thinking that their hypocritical behavior will profit them, when in fact it will prove harmful both in this world and in the next.
  • Whoever tries to deceive another person, someone who is not deceived, has actually deceived just himself.
  • Be cautious and guard of these people. Don’t harm them, and don’t lose hope in them.
  • A hypocrite might be able to fool people for a while, but that won’t last long.

 

Ayah 2:10: In their hearts is a disease, so Allah has increased their disease, for them is a painful punishment because they (habitually) used to lie:

  • Hypocrisy is a disease. A disease of the heart. It’s a spiritual disease of the heart.
  • Allah (swt) does not punish immediately. But instead allows the hypocrites to indulge in their hypocrisy and exult in the success of the ruses.
  • This feeling of “success” intensifies their hypocrisy.
  • Two things can penetrate the heart, eat away at the heart, and lead to fading/extinguishing of Imaan:
    • Desires
    • Doubts
  • Just like any disease if you don’t cure it or fix it, it will spread and get worse. So in this case the consumption of desires and doubts will worsen.
  • The cure for doubt is: knowledge. Knowledge from the Quran and Sunnah.
  • Look for cures, be in the company of righteous people, increase your knowledge.
  • Hypocrites have too much love for themselves and this world/dunya, so they don’t want to accept the need for a cure.
  • There is a painful punishment for those who do not find the cure.
  • Recognize the 3 signs of a Hypocrite:
    1. When he speaks, he lies
    2. When he promises, he acts treacherously
    3. He breaks trust.
  • Nafaqatun: Lizard’s hole. Has 2 openings. If danger on one side, lizard escapes from the other side. Hypocrites similarly have friends who are believers and friends who are disbelievers. If one relationship goes sour, he can run to the other.
  • Nafaqah: a desert mouse/lizard.
  • One of the qualities of a hypocrite is also that they proclaim and mention their good deeds and proclaim their righteousness.
  • So we must look at ourselves and ask- Do I have any of these traits? Do I have any discrepancy between what is in my heart and what is in my speech?
  • Leave/Stop lying! It’s a major sin. Even as a joke, its wrong. Its a misrepresentation of the truth. It damages the Imaan. Allah does not guide the transgressor or the liar. A mumin cannot be a liar. False promises, false praises, joking, exaggeration, etc. –> all of these are lies. Doesn’t matter how big, small, white or black etc! All wrong
  • We must check our daily lives–> while buying, selling, studying, etc, to see if we are lying in any possible way. We must make the promise to stop lying, starting now!

 

Ayah 2:11: And when it is said to them, “Do not cause corruption on the earth,” they say, ” we are but reformers.” :

  • In the world wrong is made to look pretty. False marketing an image.
  • Their reply: was that we are just doing reform.
  • They would actually think that their wrong actions were good.

 

2:12: Unquestionably, it is they who are the corrupters, but they perceive it not:

  • Allah (swt) says be aware.
  • They don’t even realize it. They neglect to see the details and consequences of their actions.
  • They displace righteousness in the open for people/world to see, but spread corruption in secret.

 

Ayah 2:13: And when it is said to them, “Believe as the people have believed,” they say, “Should we believe as the foolish have believed?” Unquestionably, it is they who are the foolish, but they know it not:

  • They are being asked/told to become muslims. But they think that those people who honestly and sincerely embraced Islam, who exposed themselves to all kinds of trials and persecutions, risks and dangers were foolish.
  • They make this statement to belittle the believers.
  • The believers were willing to sacrifice everything.
  • Hypocrites didn’t want to sacrifice or “lose” out on the dunya. They didnt like being invited to the Deen, Quran, the salat.
  • Hypocrites looked at donation, sacrifice as foolish and as a loss.
  • Hypocrites loved just themselves. And would like to pass judgement on others, on the believers. They had a rebellious attitude. The believers to them seemed foolish for giving up and sacrificing what they had in this world for Islam.
  • In reality it is they (the Hypocrites) that are the foolish ones and they don’t even realize it.

 

Ayah 2:14: And when they meet those who believe they say, “we believe,” but when they are alone with their evil ones, they say, “Indeed, we are with you; we were only mockers.”:

  • When the Hypocrites meet the believers they say they believe.
  • But they are actually cowards deep down inside. Not actually loyal to anyone
  • They would mock the beleivers.
  • Satan- means rebellion, refractory, headstrong. A term used for both humans and jinn. Satanic characteristics
  • In this case it refers to the influential leaders of that time who were in opposition and hostile towards Islam.
  • Shayateen: Evil misguided leaders who are setting wrong trends.

 

Ayah 2:15: But Allah mocks them and prolongs them in their transgression while they wander blindly:

  • Allah (swt) is the one who actually mocking them. He gives them time.
  • Everyone, each one of us is being tested. Everyone is given time. Time to repent and mend our ways.
  • They wander blindly.
  • Allah (swt) gives people respite.
  • The hypocrites would be harsh and rude in their ways and speech.
  • This time that we get is a sunnah of Allah (swt).
  • So put Allah first when making decisions.
  • On that Day, the hypocrites will be given some light when trying to cross the bridge. But this light will be taken away. They will be invited towards heavens, but will not be let inside. This will be their punishment for what they have done here in this world.
  • The two qualities that hypocrites lack:
    • Good manners
    • Understanding of the Deen

 

Ayah 2:16: Those are the ones who have purchased error (in exchange) for guidance, so their transaction has brought no profit, nor were they guided:

  • This trade is of no benefit.
  • They bought error for the price of guidance.
  • Some say they don’t study Quran bc then they have to live by it. These people are only deceiving themselves. They prefer misguidance over guidance. They don’t want to change, to learn, or to improve themselves. They don’t want to obtain guidance.

 

Ayah 2:17: Their example is that of one who kindled a fire, but when it illuminated what was around him, Allah took away their light and left them in darkness so they could not see:

  • The example is of people having light and then going back to darkness.
  • Examples are given to us to make us understand concepts better. Parables are to help us understand better.
  • So the example is of a person who lit a fire. Meaning a person who wanted to understand Deen/Quran/Islam. This could also mean the Prophet Muhammad (saw) because he came with a message (the light).
  • People had the desire to learn, but didn’t have the desire to learn, understand and actually implement what they were learning. So that light was extinguished, it was taken away.
  • Their intention was corrupted. They approached the message with deviated hearts. Internal light therefore was taken away.
  • So light was lit, because people expressed the desire to learn the message (the light) but then Allah took that light away, leaving them in the darkness of kufr.
  • Why? Why weren’t the hypocrites benefitting in the company of prophet Muhammad (saw)?: Because they had no true internal light of Imaan. Of true belief. So it doesn’t matter how bright the external light is. If someone is so engrossed and engulfed in this life, this world, Allah (swt) takes away the light of guidance from them.
  • Allah (swt) sent many blessings to them: messengers, messages, etc. But the hypocrites always looked for faults. So Allah (swt) took away the blessings. He took away their inner light.

 

Ayah 2:18: Deaf, dumb, blind- so they will not return (to the right path):

  • They have eyes, ears, tongues but will not be able to hear, see or speak the truth. All doors and faculties have been closed.
  • Because inside they are still deceptive.
  • Allah (swt) doesn’t allow His Deen to become an object of mockery. So He closes the door.
  • When a person has a true yearning- with open eyes, mind and heart- it is only then Allah (swt) opens the doors of guidance for him/her.

 

Ayah 2:19: Or is it like a rainstorm from the sky within which darkness, thunder and lightening. They put their fingers in their ears against the thunderclaps in dread of death. But Allah is encompassing of the disbelievers:

  • Some hypocrites know the truth and some of them doubt it.
  • Instead of listening they put their fingertips in their ears, in fear of death.
  • The revelations would scare them. They would fear that its about them.
  • Those who were guilty, would get anxious and defensive.
  • Kafireen is used when hypocrites are being described.
  • Hypocrisy is a type of kufr. When the heart is filled with disbelief.
  • Hypocrisy: When Imaan at the level of the heart is missing.
  • Its not enough to just, talk, dress and act like a believer, Allah (swt) looks at your heart and deeds. Not your outer appearance. People want to look picture perfect on the outside. But its no use if the heart has no adornement of Imaan.
  • We don’t always see and realize their own mistakes and faults.
  • We must look at and check ourselves!
  • Instead of looking to get “certified” by others, strive to get the approval of Allah (swt).
  • So by thrusting their fingers into their ears, they temporarily deceive themselves into believing they can escape the catastrophic end awaiting them.
  • But they can’t, because Allah (swt) encompasses them.

 

Ayah 2:20: The lightening almost snatches away their sight. Every time it lights ( the way) for them, they walk therein; but when darkness comes over them, they stand still. And if Allah had willed, He could have taken away their hearing and their sight. Indeed, Allah is over all things competent:

  • The lightening snatches away their sight.
  • The example is that they (the hypocrites) would not participate in difficult things like battle.
  • First parable refrs to those hypocrites who disbelieved completely but had become Msulims merely for worldly interests and gains.
  • Second parable refers to those prone to doubt and hesitation or whose faith was weak; they believed in the truth but to the extent of exposing themselves to the hardships for the sake of Islam. Not enough to make sacrifices.
  • The “violent rainstorm” alludes to Islam, which came to the world as a blessing.
  • “pitch dark clouds, thunder and lightening” refer to the trials, tribulations and difficulties which confronted the Islamic movement, which was becasue of those who opposed Islam.
  • The last part of the parable portrays a state of mind of hypocrites. They move a little when the circumstances seem a little favorable, but when the difficulties are presented, or when they are told to do something that goes against the desires; they area alarmed and come to a stop.
  • If Allah wanted he could have made them totally deaf and blind. Because these faculties are being used for wasteful, bad and useless things. But its not Allah’s way to deprive anyone of sight and hearing while he is still willing to see and hear. So he allowed them to keep their sight and hearing to an extent, if they were prepared to see and hear the Truth.
  • We should make ourselves sincere. Pursue the Deen for the approval of Allah (swt) only.

 

Ayah 2:21: Oh mankind, worship your Lord, who created you and those before you, that you may become righteous:

  • Everyone was created for the same purpose. Everyone before us, now, and then those after us. All of us are here on earth to worship. We all have the same purpose, to submit to Allah (swt)
  • To respect, love, fear, worship Him. Only Him. And Him, the most.
    • Mathlub: he is the only One you need. We need Him. Be dependant on Him. Desire His pleasure.
    • Maqsood: To please Him. That’s our objective. All deeds are for Him.
    • Mahboob: to love Him. More than any one else on earth.
  • It’s Allah’s right, bc He created us, all of us, all before us, and all after us.
  • So worship Him only.
  • He brought us from nothingness to something.
  • Worship of Allah (swt) will only benefit us. Not Him. He doesn’t need us, we need Him. To save oureslves, to protect ourselves from the Hellfire, we need Him. He is our  best well-wisher. He made us, created us, He love us, He wants the best for us. He is the creator (khaliq) and owner (malik).
  • He provides us with every single thing.
    • Maqloob: do good, our focus should be Allah.?
  • In Surah Talaq ayah 2- Allah (swt) says- whoever fears Allah, Allah will make a way out for him.
  • Tests and trials- Allah created man, put him through tests, trials, tribulations and calamites. When he turns to Allah and has faith in Allah, and doesn’t blame other people, then Allah (swt) will show him the way.
  • Taqwah and Ibadah go hand in hand.
  • Two types of worship
    • General: every word and action that Allah (swt) likes, bring us close to Him.
    • Ritual: prayers, Hajj, etc.
  • Ubudoo: enslave yourselves completely in worship, as His slaves.

 

Ayah 2:22: It is He Who has made for you the earth a bed and sky as a ceiling and sent down from the sky, rain and brought forth thereby fruits as provision for you. So don’t attribute to Allah equals, while you know (that there is nothing similar to Him):

  • Allah (swt) is reminding us that He made the sky a ceiling. Who else could make it? Who else could create it? Clouds, the sky, etc. They bring peace to our eyes. Its a mercy from Allah (swt). Every time look outside, up at the sky. Earth is a bed spread out for us, a resting place, comfortable. Even though earth is constantly moving.
  • There are no pillars hold up the sky, the earth. These are blessings we see everyday.
  • Fruits, rain, produce, etc. All provision provided to us by Allah (swt), when no else can provide for us.
  • When we realize this is all done and created for us by Allah (swt), then worship and devotion should all be for Him, exclusively.
  • The most Ihsan to us is from Him. He brought us into existence, from nothing. Provided for us, gave us Islam, the Deen, the Quran. He has given us peace from above and below. For us to be happy and content. To enjoy.
  • So do not commit shirk by setting up rivals or equals with Him.
  • To reject the truth, after know it, is a greater crime than not knowing it.
  • Become the abd of Allah (swt), become His slave. A grateful slave.
  • Do not become an abd of shaytan.

 

Ayah 2:23: And if you are in doubt about what We have sent donw upon our servant (Muhammad) then produce a surah the like thereof and call upon your witnesses other than Allah, if you should be truthful:

  • The Prophet Muhammad (saw) was a very grateful slave of Allah (swt). He worshipped out of gratitude to Allah (swt). And our worship should be as per sunnah. We worship based on need, but Prophet Muhammad (saw) worshipped based on gratitude!
  • This ayah is saying that if you doubt the Quran, bring/produce something like it. Anything even comparable like it. This was repeatedly reiterated in other verses, throughout the Quran. Allah (swt) sent miracles to nations according to their needs.
    • Musa (as): magic was the popular during his times, so Allah (swt) allowed him to part the Red Sea, his staff to turn into a snake and then back again into a staff, etc.
    • Isa (as): medicine was progressing during his times, so Allah (swt) made him capable of healing.
    • Muhammad (saw): arabic was an eloquent language during his times, so Allah (swt) sent the Quran his nation, to challenge them.
  • Other ayahs that bring up this challenge: Surah Hud, Tur, Israel, Yunus, Baqarah.

 

Ayah 2:24: But if you don’t-and you never will be able to- the fear of the Fire, whose fuel is mean and stones, prepared for the disbelievers:

  • The body is made up of fat, hair, bone ( phosphorus burns faster), and all of these things will be fuel for the Hellfire.
  • Sulfur: speed of burning, foul smell and smoke it produces, clings to human flesh, hottest.
  • So deniers of the message and messengers–> a great Fire is being prepared for them.
  • Quran is the greatest proof that the Prophet Muhammad (saw) is the messenger of Allah (swt). Not only because he could not read, but also because the Quran has remained unchanged for 1400 years.

 

Ayah 2:25: And give good tidings to those who believe and do rigtheous deeds that they will have gardens (in paradise) benath which rivers flow. Whenever they are provided with a provision of fruit therefrom, they will say, ” This is what we were provided with before”. And it is given to them in likeness. And they will have therein purified spuses, and they will abide therein eternally:

  • Jannah consists of fruits, rivers, lush gardens, etc. Fruits will not be exotic looking. They will not be unfamiliar in appearance. But the taste will be beautiful, delicious and very different.
  • And we have purified spouses. Purified from the inside and the outside. Relationships with your spouse will be purified. Clean and free from any deficiencies. They will be cleansed before entering Jannah. Their hearts will be cleansed. None will grow old or cranky. No illnesses, no grudges, no fatigue.
  • And they will reside with their spouses in Jannah for eternity. Forever. Will never have to leave. This is “vacation” that will never ever end. It will be a place of eternal rest and peace. No such concept as 24/7 there. Its eternal there.
  • This dunya, this world is not Jannah. Stop trying to make it Jannah. Aim for the real Jannah, which comes after.
  • The place of work is here in this world. In this life. Discipline yourself here to enjoy Jannah later.
  • Work hard here. Rest forever there.
  • We must suffer one of two pains: either the pain of discipline or the pain of regret.

 

Ayah 2:26: Indeed, Allah is not timid to present an example- that of a mosquito or what is smaller that that. And those who have believed know its the truth from their Lord. But as for those who disbelieve, they say, “What did Allah intend by this example?” He misleads many thereby and guides many thereby. And He misleads not except the defiantly disobedient.:

  • Those who don’t want to understand the Quran and are not motivated by the urge to seek the truth become engrossed in asking superficial questions about the Quran. They draw erroneous conclusions. They are thrown further and further from the truth. On the other hand, those who seek the truth and possess true perception, penetrate through these superficialness and perceive the gems of wisdom. This appreciation makes their hearts attest that such wisdom could be of no other source but Allah (swt).
  • Objectors would say that if the Quran was truly a revelation by Allah (swt), it would not contain lowly and trivial things like- flies, gnats, spiders and mosquitos. That these things are so insignificant, why are they in the Quran. Objectors approach the Quran only to look for faults.
  •  And so Allah (swt) says that He has no problem mentioning such small things like a mosquito here. That He is not shy to mention such “insignificant” examples.
  • These examples will help people understand. They are for us to take lesson from. We must look at the intention of the examples. We should look to see why the example (s) is given, not what example is actually used.
  • In Surah Hajjah V. 73: the example of a fly is given there to make people understand an important concept.
  • The examples are given to make people understand a concept.
  • Focus on the greatness of Allah (swt) here, not on the size or the example of a mosquito.
  • Allah (swt) mentions that He is not shy to mention the mosquito as an example, or even something more smaller or more insignificant than it. Or even something above it (like a fly, or the parasite that sits on top of a mosquito)
  • Few interesting facts about a mosquito:
    • A mosquito itself can be one of the most deadliest animals on earth, has caused death and is still causing death.
    • It has 100 eyes on its head
    • It is of female gender
    • Has 48 teeth
    • 3 hearts
    • 6 knives in its nose.
    • Wings beat at 300-600 beats per second.
    • Secretes an anesthetic like substance when penetrating our skin.
    • Does not like all blood types
    • Has a microscopic organism/parasite that sits on top of it.
  • Back in the day, when people would hear and understand an example in the Quran, they would cry. Sound knowledge is not given importance anymore, because people are busy pursuing worldly things.
  • Allah (swt) doesn’t shy away from saying what is truth. We too should not shy away or be reluctant to tell the truth. We should share what we learn from the Quran. If it penetrates your heart so share it.
  • We talk about a number of things every day. Where is the Quran in the list of things we talk about.
  • Those who accept the truth, they live by it. They spread it, they share it. When you are convinced of it, you should share it. We should develop the confidence in accepting and sharing the truth.
  • When sharing knowledge or the truth: It should be: based on knowledge, truthful, intention should correct, manner in sharing should be correct.
  • The believers know the truth is from Allah (swt). Disbelievers would question, look for faults and look down upon the Quran. The disbeleivers would cross limits.
  • If we too as students dont understand; we should not reject or ignore. We should make dua to understand. Ask questions respectfully and research. We don’t follow blindly, we are allowed to ask questions to better understand or for clarification. But respectfully.
  • Intention to learn should clean, rightful to want to understand Deen. With an open and clean heart. We should modify ourselves to be unbiased and receptive of the Quran and Deen.
  • To obtain guidance:
    • Consult with Quran and Sunnah
    • Ponder upon the creation and the universe
    • Make dua. When in doubt, don’t spread it around and make a big issue out of it. Make dua and ask Allah (swt) for guidance.
    • Hang out with righteous people so that you can implement correct things by learning and seeing them do the same.

 

Ayah 2:27: Who break the covenant of Allah after contracting it and sever that which Allah has ordered to be joined and cause corruption on earth. It is those who are the losers:

  • Surah Al-Araf V.72.
  • Our covenant with Allah, is that we recognize Him as Rabb/Lord, the one supreme being.
  • That is the promise, agreeement we all made at the time of creation.
  • Spreading mischief on earth are the transgressors. The Faasiq.
  • The traits of the Faasiqeen (the transgressors):
    • After the binding agreement of the contract, they break it. They break the promise/agreement. They break the boundaries of halal and haram set by Allah.
    • Sever that which Allah has ordered to be joined: such as families and relatives, the Deen, people in need, etc.
    • Cause corruption on Earth: wastage of food and water and other resources, cause pollution, GMO, artificialness in everything, etc.
  • We follow desires blindly. List of faasid on Earth are endless. Tangible and intangible, faasad.
  • Who is the loser in the sight of Allah? The one breaks boundaries that are set by Allah.
  • We all made a covenant with Him, we should not break it.
  • Fulfull your promise to Allah, He will fulfill His promise to you.
  • We should not cut/sever ties with relatives. We can easily come up with many reasons to sever ties with our relatives. It can be difficult. But by developing a vastness, a big heart, will make it easy to forgive them, and maintain ties with them. So we should forgive them, forget the grudges and move on. Have a big heart.
  • How can we not forgive our own God-given blood relations, and then expect Allah (swt) us to forgive us for our countless sins.
  • Whoever is pleased with wanting more wealth, whoever wants to live longer, then he should keep good relations with his relatives. (Sahih Bukhari)
  • Keep trying to do good, to your family and Allah’s special support will be with you. No matter how bad the family is, no matter how bad the relatives treat you.

 

Ayah 2:28: How can you disbelieve in Allah when you were lifeless and He brought you to life; the He will cause you to die, then He will bring  you back to life and then to Him you will be returned:

  • He gave you life, when you were nothing, nonexistent.
  • He takes away life
  • He brings you back again.
  • He is in control of it all.
  • So then, even after knowing all that how can we disbelieve.

 

Ayah 2:29: It is He who created for you all of that which is on Earth. Then He directed Himself to the heavens and made the 7 heavens, and He is knowing of all things:

  • We are warned against disbelief and rebellion against God. If man turns away from Allah (swt), he will be left in the darkness of error and ignorance. What good will come out of deviation from the truth?
  • Allah (swt) created all and everything for us. All of it. We should understand the value of it all. We should be grateful for it. For His Mercy. He made this earth for us. To live in, to grow in, to see, to travel in, to be comfortable in, to ponder upon.
  • We don’t control when we were born and when we will die. So why then do we think that we can control the few days that we are here on this earth? Why are we so non-serious about the limited time we have left here? Why are we so non-serious about the tests we are be given here?
  • Invest in the Akhirah, the hereafter.
  • Be Loyal and submissive, to Allah (swt)
  • Don’t be lost in and with creation. The moment we are exposed to a blessing there should be a response, a reaction of constant gratitude.

 

Ayah 2:30: And mention ( O Muhammad) when your Lord said to the Angels, ” Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority. They said: Will you place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?” Allah said,” Indeed, I know that which you  do not know.” :

  • What the Quran tells us here with its practical consequences, is of far greater value than knowledge derived by unearthing bones and potter and piercing together scattered fragments of info.
  • Malak in arabic means message.
  • Khalifah or vicegerant is not entitled to do what he pleases, but is obliged to carry out the will of his master.
  • In these ayahs, we are told about the history of the creation of mankind. Starting with the creation of the father of the mankind Adam (as).
  • So that we can understand our position here.
  • Angels are the creation of Allah that we cannot see. Allah (swt) created them from light, for His worship and obedience, day and night.
  • Before humans there was already a creation on Earth that had caused alot of mischief and bloodshed. And now Allah (swt) was going to bring another creation. A successive creation after the previous one.
  • vicegerant: one who is delegated some power on behalf of a sovreign, a position of authority.
  • Khalifah: here is not used as a title or authority, in this situation, for Adam (as). Khalifah means- comes after another, someone to replace. Behind that of another. A deputy from Allah (swt), working for Allah (swt)
  • He is not a representative of Allah (swt)
  • Therefore it means humans are successors. Deputies from Allah (swt), to carry out commands of Allah (swt).
  • Humans come in generations one after another.
  • They succeed the creation before them. Ex: the jinn, because the jinn were inhabitants of the Earth before humans.
  • Angels are obedient, intelligent, and they glorify Allah (swt). They don’t eat, sleep, marry or disobey. They have intellect and understanding. There are different types of angels as well. Angels do not have free will.
  • Humans have free will. Humans can choose and will be accountable for their choices.
  • Khalifah can mean Adam (as) himself, or the progeny after Adam (as)
  • So the angels responded. They were not objecting to Allah’s plan of creating humans on earth. They were simply asking, not in a bad or disrespectful way. They were asking and giving their humble opinion. They were truly concerned. Angels have insight. They had seen jinn (previous creation) spread mischief and corruption, shed blood. And so the angels were curious.
  • Allah (swt) is not asking for their permission, nor is He consulting with the angels. He was just informing them.
  • The angels response was that we already praise and glorify You, and we already obey You. (so why another creation?)
  • Allah (swt)’s response was that He knows what they do not know.
  • Tasbih:
    • proclaim glory
    • to exert oneself earnestly and energetically
  • Taqdis:
    • celebrate
    • proclaim holiness
    • to purify
  • Allah (swt) knows that there are good and bad people. He gave us intellect to make choices. Even as we look around and see the Ummah in trouble, with so much blood shed and corruption. We cannot ignore that there is good in the world too. There are those that are good, righteous and repenting. We must look at life from different perspectives. Even its hard to do so. Even when the bad and negative seem so overwhelming.
  • If despite all the bad, evil, shaytan, nafs/desires, temptations- there still remain righteous people who obey and worship Allah (swt), then they are the best and will go to Jannah.

 

Ayah 2:31: And He taught Adam the names- all of them. Then He showed them to the angels and said, ” Inform me of these names, if you are truthful.”:

  • Adam- Udma: brownish, beige color. He is an insaan (human), because Insaan (humans) forget.
  • Adam (as) was taught the names of all things that have names. Everything.
  • Man has been given knowledge that angels don’t have.
  • Allah (swt) then asked the angels if they could inform/tell Him the names of these things as well. They could not. They admitted this, they admitted their weakness. They accepted humbly that they did not know. They accepted their short comings, glorified and acknowledged Allah (swt)’s greatness.
  • They admitted that they know only what Allah (swt) teaches them.

 

Ayah 2:32: They said, ” Exalted are You, we have no knowledge, except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the knowing and the Wise.” :

  • Angels acknowledge they don’t have knowledge unless what Allah (swt) gives them. This is the humility and respect for Allah (swt)

 

Ayah 2:33: He said, ” Oh Adam, inform them of their names.” And when he had informed them of their names, He said, “Did I not tell you that I know the unseen (aspects) of the heavens and the earth? And I know what you reveal and what you have concealed.” :

  • Allah (swt) also knew that the angels believed (in a non arrogant way) that their worship was enough. They thought this, and concealed this thought. But Allah (swt) is aware of how they thought and what they were concealing.
  • Demonstration of Adam (as)’s capacity was an answer to their first doubts that the angels expressed. Fear of mischief and disorder through the man’s appointment as vicegerent is only one aspect of the matter. The other aspect is constructive and offsets man’s potentiality for spreading mischief.

 

Ayah 2:34: And recall when We ordered the Angels: “Prostrate before Adam, in respect.” They all prostrated except Iblees. He refused and was arrogant and became of the Disbelievers:

  • Allah (swt) knew what Iblees (shaytan) was concealing in his heart. The hasad (jealousy) that he had for Adam, Allah (swt) knew.
  • The angels are literally being told to prostrate toward Adam.  Angels obey all of Allah (swt)’s orders.
  • This type of sajdah (prostration) was a gesture of honor and respect. They, the angels were ordered to do so. And they all obeyed. Except Iblees.
  • Angels obeyed, but he rejected. Because he was arrogant. He thought he was better than Adam (as), because Adam (as) was made of clay, he (Iblees) was made of fire.
  • Iblees was the father of the jin. (Abu-ul-Jin). Because of his outwardly show of constant worship, piety and respect and obedience, he was among the angels. But there was corruption in his heart. There was no light of Imaan inside his heart. His outwardly show was useless. Arrogance was already and always in his heart. He was around the angels, but not OF them. He was of the disbelievers.
  • Iblis refused prostration.
  • Imagine those of us who refuse to pray altogether.
  • There are 2 ways that a human can behave:
    • like the angels
    • like Iblis
  • Iblis literally means: thoroughly disappointed, utterly despaired.
  • Iblis was not an angel. In the Quran it clearly states he was a jin (independent species, distinct from angels) (18:50)

 

Ayah 2:35: And We said, ” O Adam, dwell, you and  your wife, in Paradise and eat therefrom in (ease and) abundance from wherever you will. But don’t approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers.” :

  • So now the test is starting for Adam (as). He is told to go and dwell in Jannah, with his wife. Somewhere in the heavens. But do not approach the tree. (Doesn’t matter “where” in the heavens, doesn’t matter which “tree”.) Shaytan follows them there. Allows them to slip and causes them to eat from the tree. Because of shaytan, they are expelled from the bliss and blessings of Jannah.
  • On the Day though, people who enter Jannah, will never be expelled.
  • The only way to Paradise, is by effectively resisting the enemy who is always trying to drive us off the course of obedience to Allah (swt). Allah (swt) tests us with things around us.
  • Allah (swt) honored both Adam and Hawa. Nikaah is an ancient and natural practice.
  • She was created from Adam (as)’s rib.

 

Ayah 2:36: But Satan caused them to slip out of it and removed them from that (condition) in which they had been. And We said, “Go down, (all of you) as enemies to one another, and you will have upon the earth a place of settlement and provision for a time.”:

  • Shaytan caused them to slip and leave Jannah. Its his mission to lead us all astray.
  • He deceives us continuously, by belittling sins and giving us false hopes.
  • Disobedience leads to loss of blessings
  • Obedience leads to an increase of blessings
  • So now they were sent down to Earth for a certain amount of time.
  • Earth is in a lesser position than Jannah.
  • Shaytan traps man, with the temptations of this world
  • Our wealth should be in our purses or in the hands of the needy, not in our hearts.
  • If its in our hearts, we are too attached to this world. This life is temporary.
  • The doors of mercy from Allah (swt) are always open as long as the person is alive.
  • The dunya is a tool to get into the next life.

 

Ayah 2:37: Then Adam received from his Lord, some words and He accepted his repentance. Indeed it is He, who is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful:

  • Adam (as) was taught the words of tawbah (repentance) for forgiveness. He said them and Allah (swt) accepted his repentance.
  • Allah (swt) teaches us how to do tawbah and then accepts it.
  • Because Adam (as) wanted to seek remission for his sin, from Allah (swt). But he didn’t know the words. In His mercy, Allah (swt) taught him the words, with which he could pray.
  • Tawbah on the part of man, signifies that he has given up his disobedience and has returned to submission and obedience to Allah.
  • Conditions of accepted Tawbah:
    • For Allah
    • Regret
    • Leave the sin
    • Don’t return to the sin
    • Do tawbah before death or before the sun rises from the west to east.
  • The Quran tells man that the reward fro good actions and punishment for the bad ones rests with Allah (swt) entirely.
  • The reward for a good act, is due to the grace and benevolence of Allah (swt), its entirely up to Him to reward or not.
  • Likewise for a sin, Allah decides if He wants to pardon us for our sins or not.

 

Ayah 2:38: We said: ” Go down from it, all of you. And when guidance comes to you from Me, whoever follows My guidance- there will be no fear concerning them, nor will they grieve:

  • Earth was not created as a place of punishment  for man.
  • Man was placed on earth to serve as Allah (swt)’s vicegerent there.
  • If man listens and obeys Allah (swt), there will be no fear of the future and no grieve over the past.
  • Fear of the future (Khauf)- is always with a person
  • Grief over the past (Ya-zunun) grief is temporary

 

Ayah 2:39: And those who disbelieve and deny Our signs- those will be the companions of the Fire, they will abide therein eternally.”

  • Those who disbelieve will be in the hellfire forever

 

Ayah 2:40: O Children of Israel, remember My favor which I have bestowed upon you, and fulfill my covenant (upon you) that I will fulfill your covenant (from Me), and be afraid of (only Me).:

Bani Israel: After Adam (as), there were many messengers. Ibrahim (as) was on them too. All the messengers were his descendants. He has 2 sons: Isaac and Ismael. Isaac settled in Palestine and Ismael settled in Makkah. Yaquub (as) is the son of Isaac (as). Yaquub (as) was aka as Israel. Yaquub (as) had 12 sons. One of those sons was Yusuf (as). These 12 sons and their progeny are named the Bani Israel. Yusuf (as) and the rest of his brothers settled in Egypt. Bani Israel were eventually enslaved by the pharaoh of Egypt. Musa (as) was sent to them as help, to free them. On their way to Palestine, they wandered the desert, the plains of Sinai for 40 years. It was during this time, that Musa (as) and Haroon (as) passed away. They entered Palestine with his student: Yusha B. Nun.  4000 messengers were sent until prophet Isa (as). From Ismael (as) came also Prophet Muhammad (saw). In Madinah, there were 3 Jewish tribes. They had the scriptures and knew about the upcoming prophecy. They were waiting for the last messenger (Prophet Muhammad (saw)) in Madinah.

  • So now there is a further division of the people who received guidance from Allah (swt) and how they responded to it. Allah (swt) is telling us that there was another nation that got a messenger, the books, the revelations etc. That this nation got blessings and favors, all like we have. These were chosen people of their time.
  • We must look at ourselves when we read about this nation. Not to judge them, but to learn from what happened to them.
  • The correct intention of reading the Quran, is to read and learn the lessons, and then look at ourselves. To check ourselves. To derive lessons and reflections for ourselves.
  • The Bani Israel is being reminded of their status.
  • They are addressed as the children of Israel. Israel- means slave of God. The title was given to Yaquub (as) by Allah (swt).
  • Yaquub (as) was the son of Isaac (as) and grandson of Ibrahim (as).
  • Progeny = Children of Israel.
  • In this ayah, Allah (swt):
    • Reminds them of His favors and blessings on them, so that they can become grateful. The objective to make one being reminded, is to be more grateful and more obedient. Allah (swt) sent them revelations, messengers, worldly benefits, saved them from the pharaoh, sent kings as prophets ( Ex. David and Solomon) etc. 
    • To fulfill the covenant. What they promised Allah (swt) and then Allah (swt) will fulfill His covenant to them. The covenant to believe in the truth, in Allah (swt) and His Messenger, and to specifically believe that he is the last and final messenger.
    • And Allah says : “Fear only Me”
  • Some purposes in this ayah are to invite those followers of earlier prophets, who still have some goodness and righteousness, to believe in the Truth preached by prophet Muhammad (saw) and to join hands in promoting the mission he championed. That the Quran and prophet Muhammad (saw) are bearers of the same message preached by earlier prophets.
  • What the prophet Muhammad (saw) has brought is neither new or foreign, it is the same message and they are asked to accept it as such. Same religion preached by prophets of Israel.
  • The Jews resorted to conspiracies and created doubts, engaged in trickery to oppose the Truth, and tactics to frustrate the mission of prophet Muhammad (saw). They did not want goodness to flourish.
  • The reason for choosing the Children of Israel as an example, is that they alone, out of all the nations, constituted  for 4000 years, the continual embodiment of tragedy from which many lessons can be learnt. The situations of fortune which visit a people, depending on whether they follow or refrain from following the Divine Guidance, were all made obvious/brought to attention in the history of this nation.
  • This is to warn the followers of Muhammad (saw), us, to avoid the same pitfalls of the previous followers of earlier prophets. The moral weaknesses, false concepts of religion and numerous errors in religious belief and practice which made inroads (progress) among the Jews.
  • It is incorrect to fear someone at the same level that you fear Allah (swt).

 

Ayah 2:41: And believe in what I have sent down confirming that which is already with you, and be not the first to believe in it. And don’t exchange My signs for a small price, and fear only Me:

  • And believe in what is sent down in the Quran and what is already with you (meaning the Torah and Injeel)
  • The evidence of messengership of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) is in the Quran.
  • Belief in the Quran means belief of Prophet Muhammad (saw)
  • Don’t be the first to disbelieve in the Quran
  • The Quraish were the first to disbelieve, but they were not people of the Book or of knowledge.
  • The Bani Israel were people of the Scriptures. They should have known better and accepted the truth. They are the ones that were waiting for the final messenger, they are the ones who had knowledge of him coming. But then when he did come, they didn’t want to accept him as the Messenger because they were afraid of losing their leadership.
  • Allah (swt) is telling them don’t be the first people of knowledge to reject and disbelieve in the Quran. Don’t be ignorant.
  • Allah (swt) is telling them not to exchange His signs fro a small price. Meaning don’t sell the truth for the trivial benefits of this world.
  • Whatever one may gain in exchange for the Truth, be it all the treasure in the world, is trivial. The Truth is of supreme value.

 

Ayah 2:42: And do not mix the truth with falsehood or conceal the truth while you know it:

  • Don’t mix the truth of the Book with falsehood.
  • And don’t conceal the truth either.
  • They, Bani Israel, were waiting for the messenger, but didn’t want to accept him when he came, because they were afraid of losing their leadership role in their society.
  • They wanted to remain the leaders of their nation. Wanted people to keep coming to them for various matters, questions, for advice and guidance.
  • So they would confuse the matter and create fasaad.
  • The people of Makkah were not people of the Scriptures. Whenever they had a question or issue about the Scriptures they would go to the people of the Scriptures (the Jews), and ask them about it. For example: when the Prophet Muhammad (saw) came with the message, the people/leaders of the Scriptures were questioned about him. They would not deny it, but would give the people a twisted answer. They would say things like: He (Prophet Muhammad (saw)) was only for the unlettered people and not for “us.” They would say something wrong and twisted of this sort.
  • The people of Madinah were greatly under the spell of the Jews. The Arabs were illiterate and in awe of the knowledgeable Jews.
  • For example: today people say that Prophet Muhammad (saw) was only for the Arabs. This is Batil (false). So don’t mix false with the truth.
  • This is done today with us as well.
  • Spreading confusion when knowing the truth- this is really very wrong.
  • And this is what the Jews of scripture would do, so that people (illiterate) would keep coming back to them and so that they would continue to remain the leaders.
  • Concealing the truth has two connotations:
    • to be silent and not say anything
    • Someone comes to you and asks you the truth and you hide it. If you know the truth and hide it. Doing it deliberately.  For example: you what the Prophet Muhammad (saw) is saying is true but you are purposely concealing it.

 

Ayah 2:43: And establish prayer and give zakah and bow with those who bow in worship and obedience:

  • Three commands are given here:
    • Give Zakat.
    • Establish Salat.
    • Bow down in Ruku.
  • The Jews had become negligent with praying and some didn’t even pray at all.
  • And they didnt pay zakat, rather they were making a living out of interest ( ribaa)
  • zakat- is the amount given from wealth to those that are eligible. It increases ones wealth in barakah and blessings, and increases reward, and purifies your wealth. Its an obligation.
  • Establish salat. Conditions of Salat:
    • To have purity, wudu.
    • Perform it on time.
    • Proper attire.
    • Face the Qibla.
    • Pray in the manner that Prophet Muhammad (saw) prayed
    • Have Khushu-humility, submission, and focus.
  • Bow down in ruku: perform salat in congregation, its better in congregation.
  • Man’s prayers is 27x more rewarding in congregation at mosque, than his prayer at home, alone.
  • It is wajib for men to pray in congregation but not for women. For women its better that they are pray at home, but are not stopped from going to masjid.
  • Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A blind man came to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and said: “O Messenger of Allah! I have no one to guide me to the mosque.” He, therefore, sought his permission to perform Salat (prayer) in his house. He (PBUH) granted him permission. When the man turned away, he called him back, and said, “Do you hear the Adhan (call to prayer)?” He replied in the affirmative. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) then directed him to respond to it.[Muslim].
  • Abu-Darda’ (May Allah be pleased with him)reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, “If three men in a village or in the desert, make no arrangement for Salat in congregation, Satan must have certainly overcome them. So observe Salat in congregation, for the wolf eats up a solitary sheep that stays far from the flock.”[Abu Dawud].
  • A man’s prayer in congregation is 25 times more rewarding than his prayer at home or in his shop i.e. when he performs his Wudu properly and proceeds towards the mosque with the purpose of performing Salah in congregation, he does not take one step without being raised a degree for it, or having a sin expiated for it till he enters the mosque.  When he is performing Salah, the Angels continue to invoke the blessings of Allah for him and as long as he is in his place of prayer in the state of Wudu they say “O Allah have mercy on him, O Allah forgive him” Bukhari & Muslim
  • Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Salat in congregation is twenty-seven times more meritorious than a Salat performed individually.”[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

 

Ayah 2:44: Do you order righteousness of the people and forget yourselves while you recite the Scriptures? Then will you not reason?:

  • When reading and reciting Quran, it should penetrate our own heart first. Practice what you preach first.
  • Before advising or ordering, or informing others, look at yourself first.
  • Check yourself first.
  • And also know what is correct.
  • Advise others not to do wrong, but then make sure you are avoiding and not doing that wrong either.

 

Ayah 2:45: And seek help through patience and prayer, and indeed it is difficult except for the humbly submissive (to Allah):

  • So seek help, be patient and establish salat. This can be hard for people except those who are humble and submissive. (Have Khushu)
  • If you feel difficulty in keeping righteousness, the remedy lies in prayer and patience.
  • Sabr= means to exercise restraint. To keep oneself tied down. Denotes will power. The firm resolve and the control over animal desire which enables man to advance along the path of his choice-the path that satisfies his heart and conscience- in utter disregard of the temptations within and all of the obstacles and opposition without.
  • Salah serves as a mirror. Check yourself. Check your khushu.
  • Urwa bin Zubair had such strong khushu and focus in his salat, that he said cut the boil off of my foot during salat.
  • Are we eager to meet Allah (swt), to meet Him and to talk to Him, 5x a day?
  • Remember our meetings with Allah (swt). Remember our eventual meeting with Him.

 

Ayah 2:46: Who are certain that they will meet their Lord and that they will return to Him:

  • Salah is the first meeting with Allah (swt).
  • The second meeting is meeting Allah (swt) on the Day.
  • Remembering that we have to meet Allah (swt), that we will stand in front of Him in the HereAfter and on the Day of Judgement. This should remind us to change our salat and build more khushu.
  • Those who are certain and have Yaqeen in their mind that they are going to meet their Rabb and that they are going to return to Him for the final judgement. These are the khashi-een. They are the ones who have submission and khushu. They meet Allah (swt) in their hearts many times a day, before they will actually meet Him on the Day of Judgement.

 

Ayah 2:47: Oh Children of Israel, remember my favor that I bestowed upon you and that I preferred you over the worlds:

  • This refers to that period of human history, when, of all the nations, only the Children of Israel possessed knowledge of the Truth which comes from Allah (swt) alone.
  • At that time they were entrusted with the task of directing nations of the world to righteousness.
  • They were expected to serve God, and to invite the rest of the world to do the same.
  • And now, Allah (swt) has preferred us, over others. Over all other creation.
  • So have we chosen Allah (swt) over all others as well? Have we chosen to please Him only, over others? Do we seek His approval over all others?

 

Ayah 2:48: And Fear a Day when no soul will suffice for another soul at all, nor will intercession be accepted from it, nor will compensation be taken from it, nor will they be aided:

  • Israelites corrupted belief was that since they were related to saints and pious people of the past, that they would be eventually forgiven by the grace of those people. That because of their connection or linkage to those people of piety from the past, Allah (swt) would forgive them due to their association.
  • Because they really believed this, it led them to be negligble and become emeshed in a life of sins and wickedness.
  • These were their false beliefs, thoughts, and ideas.
  • On that Day, nobody will be able to save another, unless Allah (swt) allows it.
  • That is why we are warned to save ourselves, and prepare for that Day, Now!
  • Sacrifice here in this world, Now!
  • Send good deeds and actions for that Day, Now!
  • Develop khushu in our salat, Now!
  • Check ourselves, Now!
  • Don’t turn to people to rely on them. It won’t suffice. Turn to Allah (swt) only.
  • Make Allah (swt) our friend. Worship Him, fear Him, obey Him, trust Him, have khushu towards Him.

 

Ayah 2:49: And recall when We saved your forefathers from the people of the pharaoh, who afflicted you with the worst torment, slaughtering your newborn sons and keeping your females alive. And in that was a great trial from your Lord:

  • The trial was that whether or not, after being taken away and saved from a great calamity miraculously, by Allah (swt); would they be grateful to Him?
  • Pharaoh afflicted them with a horrible punishment.
  • Bani Israel settled in Egypt, as Yusuf (as) settled there and eventually the rest of his brothers moved and settled there too. In Egypt the people started to lose their ways, their Deen, and eventually became the slave class to the pharaoh. The pharaoh saw them increasing in number and was afraid of their growing population. The pharaoh (Ramsey) made the Bani Israel do a lot of hard work. Exerting labor where they would even die due to the extreme nature of the work. He also began killing all the male sons of Bani Israel.
  • Their females were kept alive to be used as slaves and anything else. If they got pregnant, the child would be of Egyptian nation (Coptic).
  • A sign of downfall of a nation is when their sons are being wiped out.
  • This was all happening because Bani Israel did not hold strongly to the Deen and righteousness and had diverted from the straight, correct path of Allah (swt). They were not doing what they had been originally chosen by Allah (swt) to do. And so, were being treated like this in society.
  • This is all being said to remind them, to make them realize how they were tortured and oppressed by the pharaoh and his people.
  • This was  great trial from Allah (swt). Trials, big and small, are all from Allah (swt)
  • Allah (swt) is reminding them of what their condition was then, and how Allah (swt) eventually saved them from all that.
  • The muslim ummah today, is under great trials and tribulations. They are currently undergoing a lot of bloodshed and suffering all around the world.
  • Some people see and think this is a conspiracy. But we easily forget that this too is a trail/test from Allah (swt)
  • He tests us individually and He tests us as a nation too.
  • Why? So that we can wake up from our sleep! So that we realize that we should not try to create Jannah here, because this is not Jannah. Its the dunya, its a temporary world.
  • If a disaster strikes you, it can be because of something you did, so stop and check yourself.
  • So when man disobeys Allah (swt), he is tested. He is tested, to wake up, now. Before its too late. He (swt) tests us, to wake us up, to elevate our ranks, to prepare us. Because if we cannot handle small difficulties now, how can we handle challenges later.
  • Look at the history of the prophets, they were tested the hardest and the most!

 

Ayah 2:50: And recall when We parted the sea for you and saved you and drowned the people of pharaoh while you were looking on:

  • Musa (as) was sent to save the Bani Israel. To lead them to Palestine. He came to the sea and was standing in front of it. A large body of water.
  • Allah (swt) inspired him to hit his staff to the ground–> the sea parted into 2. Each portion became a towering mountain of water. A way was made for them to escape, to be saved. While the pharaoh and his people drowned behind them.
  • Pharaoh was arrogant and used to boast about his possessions, about the bodies of water he owned. So Allah (swt) drowned him in the water. The tawbah (repentance) of pharaoh was not accepted.
  • We should not be proud and arrogant of the things we have, our possessions.
  • This all happened, as they watched with their own eyes. It happened right in front of them. A miracle clearly right before their eyes. They saw their enemies being defeated right in front of them.
  • And this was another favor on them from Allah (swt). Allah (swt) can make anything happen.
  • So turn to Him, during challenges, during good times, during all times.
  • Rather than turning to people, turn to Him. Because salvation (Najath) comes from Allah (swt).

 

Ayah 2:51: And recall when, We made an appointment with Moses for forty night. Then you took (for worship) the calf after him, while you were wrongdoers:

  • Now they, the Bani Israel, had left Egypt for a new life, a new beginning. They needed education.
  • So Allah (swt) called Musa (as) (Moses) to Mount Tur for 40 nights, to receive education, taleem, the scripture.
  • In order to gain something, you need to leave something. So Musa (as) had to leave his people for a short while to gain knowledge.
  • While he was gone, for 40 nights, the Bani Israel took the calf and started to worship it!
  • They had come from Egypt with all their belongings, including alot of gold. A guy from among them came around collecting all the gold, and made a statue of a calf out of it. And the Bani Israel began worshipping this statue of the calf.
  • Haroon (as) was among them and told them to stop,  and insisted they not do this. But they would not listen to him, except for a small group that did.
  • The right that was meant for Allah (swt), they gave to a calf! To a cow!!

 

Ayah 2:52: Then We forgave you after that so perhaps you would be grateful:

  • Even after such horribleness, Allah (swt) still forgave them!
  • If you seek repentance while you are alive, He (swt) is forgiving.
  • So repent!
  • Allah (swt) even forgave them!
  • Forgiveness should make us more humble, grateful and more obedient.

 

Ayah 2:53: And recall when We gave Moses the Scripture and criterion that perhaps you would be guided:

  • Musa (as) was given miracles. He was given the Book, the criterion. For guidance.
  • The real purpose of the Book is for guidance.
  • To motivate us.

 

Ayah 2:54: And recall when Moses said to his people: ” O my people, indeed you have wronged yourselves by your taking of the calf for worship. So repent to your Creator and kill yourselves. That is the best for all of you in the sight of your Creator.” The He accepted your repentance; indeed, He is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful:

  • Basically what is being said here, is that they should be put to death. Those of their own people who made the calf an object of worship and actually worshipped it.
  • Musa (as) addresses his people with love. But also addresses their mistake. The mistake that they have wronged themselves, so repent.
  • Repent to your Creator who made you something out of nothing.
  • Some sins require extra expiation. So for this crime, they were told to kill the guilty party. The ones who were guilty of worshipping the calf. The ones who committed shirk. To separate the ones guilty of this, and kill them. Some say about 70,000 of died/were killed.
  • This was a test to them, to kill the guilty criminals. But just as they were about to do this, Musa (as) pleaded with Allah (swt) and this command/punishment was lifted.
  • Allah (swt) knows best.

 

Ayah 2:55: And recall when you said, ” O Moses, we will never believe you until we see Allah outright,” so the thunderbolt took you while you were looking on:

  • After Musa (as) returned from Mount Tur, after Allah (swt) had accepted their repentance, they said they will not believe until they actually see Allah (swt).
  • So a thunderbolt was struck on them, while they watched. And it killed them all.
  • Hadith Qudsi (meaning is from Allah, but words are of Prophet Sal.)“O My servants, even if the first amongst you, the last amongst you, even if the whole of the human race, and that of the Jinns, become (equally) God-conscious like the heart of a single person amongst you, nothing will add to My Power. O My servants, even if the first amongst you, the last amongst you, the whole human race, and that of the Jinns too become in unison the most wicked (all beating) like the heart of a single person, it will cause no loss of My Power. O My servants, even if the first amongst you, the last amongst you, the whole human race, and that of Jinns also, all stand in one place and you ask Me and I confer upon every person what he asks for, it will not in any way cause any loss to Me (even less) than that which is caused to the ocean by dipping a needle in it.”

 

Ayah 2:56: Then We revived you after your death that perhaps you would be grateful:

  • When Musa (as) went up to Mount Tur, he was ordered to bring with him 70 elders of Israel.
  • When Allah (swt) gave Musa (as) the Book and Criterion, he presented it to the people.
  • Some mischief makers began to complain- saying that we can’t believe in something just because Musa (as) had claimed God had spoken to him.
  • So for this they were punished.

 

Ayah 2:57: And We shaded you with clouds and sent down to you manna and quails (saying), “Eat from good things with which We have provided you,” And they wronged Us not- but they were only wronging themselves:

  • Allah (swt) provided them with the shade of the clouds in the Sinai peninsula, where there was no shelter from the heat of the sun.
  • They had no tents to protect themselves from the sun. But Allah (swt) protected them with clouds, or else they would have scorched to death.
  • Manna and the quails was the natural food, continually made available to them, throughout the 40 years they wandered in the Sinai desert. Manna was like coriander seeds. When the dew fell at night, manna fell with it from above. And quails were made available in abundance to save them from starvation.

 

Ayah 2:58: And recall when We said: Enter this city, and eat from it whatever you will in ease and abundance, and enter the gate bowing, humbly and say, “Relieve of us our burdens”. We will then forgive your sins for you and We will increase the doers of good ( in goodness and reward):

  • Allah (swt)’s command was to enter the city with humility. (the city: probably Jerusalem)
  • Allah (swt) told them to eat and dwell here as you please. Say Hitaath, with humility as you enter. They were told to say it for forgiveness.
  • Instead they changed the word to Hinthathun- which means wheat.
  • Instead of mentioning the words for forgiveness, they mentioned the word for food.
  • So they made a mockery of the whole thing.
  • They were arrogant, rather than being grateful and humble.
  • This was a very serious crime.
  • They were arrogant of their accomplishment of reaching and entering the city.
  • *Do good towards Allah (swt) as if you can see Him.*
  • Do good to people even if they don’t do good to you.
  • When Allah (swt) gives you victory, you should show humility and gratitude, not arrogance. If a person accomplishes something, do istaghfir and be grateful. Be humble.

 

Ayah 2:59: But those who wronged and changed the words to a statement other than that which had been said to them, so We sent down upon those who wronged a punishment from the sky because they were defiantly disobeying:

  • So a punishment was sent down. A very serious punishment- either in the form of rain, stone, hail, fire or a plague.
  • Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: “Plague is a calamity which was sent to Bani Israel or upon those who were before you.  So when you hear that it has broken out in a land, then do not go to that land.  And if plague has broken out in your land then don’t leave that land”
  • They were defiantly disobedient and were continuously wronging.
  • Don’t change or misinterpret words of Allah (swt). Don’t change His words according to your own desires.
  • Bani Israel thought they were the chosen people. That they could do what ever they wanted to because Allah (swt) favored them, and saved them over and over again.
  • They thought they were the blessed nation and so could act how ever they wanted and do whatever they pleased.
  • This was their arrogance.

 

Ayah 2:60: And recall when Moses prayed for water for his people, so We said, “Strike with your staff the stone.” And there gushed forth from it 12 springs, and every people knew its watering place. “Eat and drink from the provision of Allah, and do not commit abuse on the earth, spreading corruption.” :

  • 12 Springs were made by Allah (swt) so people don’t fight over it.
  • Bani Israel were now under Musa (as), they lived in the hot desert for 40 years.
  • But because of Musa (as) prayers they were given shade, food and comfort.
  • They are continuously reminded of their favors and still they disobeyed.
  • And then Musa (as) prayed for water for his people.
  • His dua for water, was accepted in the middle of the desert.
  • This is a huge blessing
  • He had a special honor from Allah (swt)
  • He is Wajih, he had a high status.
  • He was told to strike the desert ground with his staff.
  • Springs of water gushed forward. 12 springs.
  • The 12 tribes of Bani Israel are descendants of Yaquub (as) and so now each tribe knew of their drinking place.
  • This was for order and discipline. So that nobody would fight over the springs of water.
  • Eat and drink from what is provided by Allah (swt).
  • Musa (as) turned to Allah for his needs, big and small.
  • Aisha (ra) said: “Ask Allah, for everything, even its only a shoelace.”
  • Allah (swt) listens when you ask, even though He already knows what you want to ask.
  • When doubt creeps into  your mind, remember that this dua was answered. Springs of water gushed out in the desert. So make dua always.
  • Prophet Muhammad (saw): “When one of you asks something from Allah (swt) let him be plentiful.”
  • Allah (swt) knows everything about you, we need Allah for everything, every single thing. Regardless of anything.
  • Who stands in front of a king, and asks for a penny?
  • We should have certainty that Allah (swt) removes difficulty. Have Yaqeen.
  • A person should not think something is impossible or that he/she will not get what he/she wants. These thoughts are from shaytan, because he puts was-wasa in our hearts.
  • Nothing is difficult for Allah (swt). He responds to the dua of the caller.
  • When you see signs around you, that is the moment of dua.
  • Don’t spread on the earth corruption. By disobedience. That is how it spreads.
  • Reasons for Fasaad- taking other peoples rights, increasing sin
  • All these result in corruption on earth.
  • Misusing resources leads to fasaad.
  • If Allah (swt) wanted he could send rain and have produced it from the earth. But Allah (swt) granted Musa (as) this miracle to show his nation, that he is their well-wisher.
  • (During the time of Propeht Muhammad (saw): When he was in Hudaibiya with 1400 companions- some of them came to him and said ‘we don’t have water’. So he said,”Bring me a bucket.” Then he put his hand inside the bucket and brought it out and there was water flowing from his fingers, and all of his people started quenching their thirst)
  • These miracles are sent to the messengers for a reason, to the nations as a proof that the leaders are well wishers of their nation.

 

Ayah 2:61: And recall when you said, “O Moses we can never endure one kind of food. So call upon you Lord to bring forth for us from earth its green herbs, and its cucumbers, and its garlic and its lentils and its onions.” Moses said, “Would you exchange what is better for what is less? Go into any settlement and indeed, you will have what you have asked,” And they covered with humiliation and poverty and returned with anger from Allah upon them. That is because they repeatedly disbelieved in the signs of Allah and killed the prophets without right. That was because they disobeyed and were habitually transgressing:

  • So now Bani Israel are complaining  about the food they have been eating. Complaining that they don’t have the patience to eat the same kind, the same type of food anymore.
  • They asked Musa (as) to ask Allah (swt) for a different type of food. Some other food. Such as onions, vegetables, etc. Something instead of eating the same Mann and Salwa.
  • So Musa (as) reprimanded them (scolded and criticized) his nation. How could they want something besides what Allah (swt) has sent them? How could they want something of inferior and lesser quality, instead of Allah (swt) was sending them?
  • Mann and Salwa were nutritious and good for the health. Mann had properties of honey. And Salwa was quail, a fresh bird with good and healthy meat.
  • So Musa (as) did not make this dua for them. He instead told them you can just go to any city/town to find these ordinary foods you want, there. Go and get it if you want.
  • And so they were covered in humiliation, poverty, and misery, as they drew the wrath of Allah (swt). Because they were basically denying the ayat of Allah (swt) and were being ungrateful for the blessings and signs around them.
  • They would repeteadly disbelieve in the signs, would even kill many prophets.
  • They habitually transgressed.
  • During the days under pharaoh’s rule: Bani Israel were slaves and deprived in their lives. Their lives as slaves was routine- to eat, sleep, work and repeat. The same cycle over and over again. Habitual. Enslaved and only worried about their lives and the world. And they forgot the purpose of their existence.
  • They associated their way of living, with the pharaoh. Even after leaving and being rescued from him, he had left quite an impression on them, from their days in Egypt.
  • After being rescued, remnants from their slavery life remained with them. They recalled life in Egypt and pharaoh’s lavish lifestyle, variety of foods, the luxuries, etc. Remembering all this, they got bored of their own food and blessings and wanted more. They wanted a change. They wanted what he had.
  • Its ok to ask others to make dua for you.
  • Abu Hurairah narrated that he heard the Prophet (saw) say :“from my followers there will enter a crowd 70,000 in number whose faces will be glittering like the moon when it is full.”  A Sahaba got up and said “O Messenger of Allah make dua for me that I am one of them” and the Prophet Sal. made dua for him. Another man got up said “make dua for me too” and the Prophet Muhammad (saw) said “the first one preceded you”
  • You can tell a lot from the way a person makes dua. Make dua for the dunya/this world, but put more focus on the Akhira/hereafter. Use the means of the this dunya to attain the Hereafter.
  • A person who yearns for the Hereafter will make dua for the Hereafter.  It is not that he doesn’t make dua for this dunya, he does: (Rabbana athina fid-dunya wa fil akhirathi hasana wa kina azab an naar – O Allah grant us goodness in this world and in the Hereafter good and save us from the torment of the Hellfire).
  • Bani Israel is asking for fine dining, fine foods, luxurious cuisine of this world. Musa (as) is reprimanding them for this (which is allowed)
  • There is nothing wrong with good food, good recipes, but your life should not revolve around it, like an obsession or addiction. Do it, but do it in moderation.
  • Think of Jannah, don’t you want a home there. So prepare for it. Do a variety of good deeds!
  • Features of Mann and Salwa:
    • Vegetables are unimportant compared to it.
    • These were Allah’s gifts to them, to eat it. To follow this would be following a divine command.
    • What Allah (swt) gave them was actually more better and tastier then what they were asking for.
    • What Allah (swt) gave them required no effort. No need to work or find it. It was handed to them. Readily and easily available, in abundance. In comparison to the vegetables that they would have to go out and find, required effort.
    • There was no doubt in the purity and lawfulness  of Allah (swt)’s gifts because it was coming directly from Allah (swt). So it was 100% halal.
  • If you have a skill or have been chosen for something, don’t do something inferior to it. Meaning for example: If you can write, then write and share and spread the Deen. If you can teach, teach, share and spread the Deen. Don’t waste time in just cooking and cleaning ONLY.
  • Muslims today leave their purpose and get involved or indulge in other things, drawing on themselves, the wrath of Allah (swt).

 

Ayah 62:Indeed those who believe and those who were Jews or Christians or Sabians (before Prophet Muhammad) those among them who believed in Allah and the Last Day, and did righteousness, will have their reward with their Lord. No fear will there be concerning them, nor will they grieve:

  • What really matters in the sight of Allah (swt) is true faith and good deeds, rather than formal affiliation with a certain religious community. True faith and good deeds to his credit is bound to receive reward. Allah (swt) will judge based on merit rather than which religious group one’s name belonged to.
  • The one who did righteous deeds for Allah (swt) and according to the Sunnah.
  • Salvation is on just for a certain group (like the Jews think or thought), its for those who believe in Allah (swt), the Last Day, and follow with righteous deeds. Salvation is for them.
  • No fear will there be concerning them, nor will it be wasted.
  • No fear and no grief for them.
  • Fear and grief are two emotions that stop a person from doing big things. If a person is afraid or engulfed in his grief he cannot focus on other things so Allah says if a person believes in Him and the Last Day and does righteous actions then he will have no fear nor grief
  • No salvation for those who do not follow the way of Prophet Muhammad (saw)- the Sunnah.

 

Ayah 63: And recall when We took your covenant (O Children of Israel, to abide the Torah) and We raised over you the mount, “Take what We have given you with determination and remember what is it it that perhaps you have become righteous”: 

  • Reminders are for people of the Book.
  • Bani Israel are being reminded what was said to their forefathers.
  • Reminding them to recall when Allah (swt) gave them the Torah.
  • And then they broke the covenant.
  • That they threw the Ayah behind them, like it was nothing. Nothing important.
  • So Mt.Tur was raised over them. Uprooted over them like an umbrella. Like a dark cloud, that could easily fall onto them.
  • So it is being told to them to hold onto what is in the Torah, hold on to it and take it seriously. Hold on to its teachings. Its not just a textbook. Its not just any book.
  • (And the same should be remembered for the Quran today.)
  • Give it, its special place in your heart and your mind.
  • Don’t be  heedless, don’t forget about it. Don’t treat it like a decoration piece.
  • Remember what is in it.
  • Revise it, remember it, note it down, have someone remind you, read it over and over again. Repetition with tongue and actions.
  • A firm covenant was taken from Bani Israel, to hold onto the Book and to act upon it.
  • When Musa (as) brought the Torah, and told them to adhere to its teachings, they didnt take it seriously. So they were struck dead and then brought back to life.
  • Musa would tell them over and over again, again and again. But they continued to refuse.
  • That’s when the mountain  was held over them, literally. And it was told to them, that if they did not obey and adhere, that Mount Tur would fall on to them.
  • Allah (swt) has the power to do anything.
  • Sometimes you need firmness with certain people. Sometimes words are just not enough to get your point or message across to people. Sometimes some force needs to be used. Which was the case here.
  • Bani Israel were not mature yet as a nation. Strict measures such as this, were needed.
  • Hold onto the book with firmness. There should be repetition with it. Continuous connection with it. Consistently. Because the heart is constantly changing.
  • The Quran is nourishment for the soul. To attain Taqwah, it is important to have a strong constant and continuous connection with the Quran.

 

Ayah 64: Then you turned away after that. And if not for the favor of Allah upon you, and His mercy, you would have been among the losers:

  • Even after the mount was held over them, they turned away and forgot again.
  • They were reprimanded, that they forgot!
  • Allah (swt) gave them respite, He gave them time.
  • Have gave them yet another favor. He had mercy on them. Gave them time to repent.
  • Some did, some didn’t.
  • And if it wasn’t for this Mercy from Allah (swt), they would be among the losers.

 

Ayah 65: And you had already known about those who transgressed among you concerning the sabbath, and We said to them, ” Be apes, despised.”: 

  • Saturday. It was laid down that the Israelites should consecrate that day for rest and worship. They were required to abstain from all worldly acts, including cooking. It was strict.
  • A violation of Sabbath was to be punished by death.
  • When moral and religious decadence spread, openly desecrated Sabbath lead to some even trading and commerce in broad daylight.
  • For the Muslims its Friday. For the Jews its Saturday. For the Christians its Sunday.
  • But the Muslim are not required to abstain from all work on Fridays.
  • Bani Israel were business minded. Worked hard, and so much that it was hard for them to even take one day off.
  • But on Sabbath the Bani Israel would totally cut themselves off from work.
  • A group of them lived by the sea.
  • It happened to be that on Saturday was when the most fish would come to that area near them.
  • So a day before they would put out a net, to catch the fish of Saturday. That way they would not miss out on the plenty of fish that would come on Saturday and not be accused of “physically working themselves.”
  • So they found a loophole. They deceived the Deen. Through trickery and deceit. Or so they thought.
  • Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: Don’t do what the Jews did, that they made the things that Allah made haram upon them, halal upon themselves.”
  • So the result of this trickery  and deception was that they were disfigured physically to look like apes.
  • They had a sound mind and the intellect of  humans, but looked like apes on the outside. Their faces had been distorted.
  • This led to total embarrassment and humiliation for them. It lasted 3 days and then they died.
  • They had taken the words and commands of Allah (swt), and misinterpreted it.
  • And this happens still today.
  • For example:
    • People call usury/Ribaa trade, and make it halal upon themselves.
    • They say that hijab is in your heart and that you don’t have to actually wear it on your head.

 

Ayah 66: And We made it a deterrent punishment for those who were present and those who succeeded (them) a lesson for those who fear Allah:

  • This is an example in front of them.
  • Them becoming apes was an example for the masses and general public.
  • A lesson for all those around them.
  • Its also a lesson for the Muttaqeen, a warning to them.
  • Oh Allah, I seek refuge in you, from a heart that does not fear.

 

Ayah 67: And recall when Moses said to this people,” Indeed Allah commands you to slaughter a cow.” They said, “Do you take us in ridicule?” He said,” I seek refuge in Allah from being among the ignorant.” :

  • They were told to slaughter a cow.
  • Bani Israel had love for the cow in their hearts.
  • When they lived as slaves in Egypt, they were influenced by the people of pharaoh. The people of pharaoh worshipped the cow and considered it divine. This problem, this belief crept into the hearts of the Bani Israel.
  • This love for the cow needed to be taken out of their hearts.
  • And so they responded to this command by saying- Are you making a mockery of this? This is serious business.
  • Musa (as) did not fight back. He simple said, ” I seek refuge in Allah from being among the ignorant.”
  • Bani Israel did not take this command seriously, and laughed it off.
  • But these words, this command was not of a laughing matter.

 

Ayah 2:68: They said, “Call upon your Lord to make clear to us what it is.” Moses said,” Allah says- It is a cow which is neither old nor virgin, but median, between that, so do what you are commanded.” :

  • Bani Israel were prone to disobedience. Out of arrogance and a care free attitude. They would disrespect the prophet and make things difficult for him.
  • They asked specifically what kind of cow.
  • At first they were told to slaughter just any cow.
  • By wanting specifics they not only kept prolonging the obedience of the command, but also were making harder for themselves.
  • Now the command was a specific type of cow.
  • They didnt respect Allah (swt) or His messengers. They were never satisfied with the commands of Allah (swt).
  • Musa (as) felt hesitant, having to return to Allah (swt) each time for the details that they asked about.
  • We should learn from this, and obey what we are told with out too many unnecessary questions and delay.

 

Ayah 2:69: They said, “Call upon your Lord to show us what is her color,” He said, “He says, ‘It is a yellow cow, bright in color-pleasing to the observers.'”:

  • Now they were asking about the color of the cow.
  • Allah (swt) said that it should be a certain color and bright.
  • Bani Israel was just making excuse after excuse, just put off obeying the command.

 

Ayah 2:70: They said, “Call upon your Lord to make clear to us what it is, Indeed all cows look alike to us. And indeed we, if Allah wills, will be guided.”:

  • Now more details are being asked. Such as what kind of work it does, etc.
  • Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: If they had not said InshaAllah, they would not have been guided.
  • Allah (saw) wanted them to slaughter the cow with their own hands they formerly worshipped.
  • This was a way to test them. And this was indeed a hard test for them.
  • The more details they asked, the narrower/less the options became for them.

 

Ayah 2:71: He said, “He says, ‘It is a cow neither trained to plow the earth nor irrigate the field, one free from fault, with no spot upon her,'” They said, “Now you have come with the truth.” So they slaughtered her, but they could hardly do it:

  • After numerous questions about descriptions, specifics, details etc, they finally told Musa (as): ok now you have come with the Truth.
  • Asking too many irrelevant questions when it comes to the Deen, is not liked. The Deen is easy and has been made easy for us.
  • For them it was slightly harder.
  • Don’t ask questions that are going to make complications for you, unnecessarily.
  • Prophet Muhammad (saw)-said: From the beauty of a person’s Islam is that he leaves what is not relevant to him.
  • Prophet Muhammad (saw)-said: Allah has disliked 3 things for His people:
    • he said/ she said- talking about people
    • wasting wealth
    • asking too many questions
  • So Bani Israel finally slaughtered a cow. Even though they came quite close to not doing it at all.

 

Ayah 2:72: And recall when you slew a man and disputed over it. But Allah was to bring out that which you were concealing:

  • A man from among them (the Bani Israel) was killed. They were disputing over who had committed the murder.
  • This was the command to slaughter the cow was made in the first place.
  • If a person does something in hiding, Allah (swt) can reveal it. Never do something wrong in secret, because Allah (swt) can reveal at anytime.

 

Ayah 2:73: So, We said,” Strike the slain main with part of it.” Thus does Allah bring the dead to life, and He shows you His signs that you might reason:

  • So the man that was murdered was brought back to life, only to reveal his murderer and then died again.
  • This was a reminder to them, that they too will be brought back to life again on the Day of Judgement.
  • This shows that as soon as they did what Allah (swt) had commanded, their problem was solved. The murderer was revealed. The dispute was over.
  • The slain person was restored to life long enough to reveal the killer.
  • By throwing a part of the slaughtered cow at the murdered man, and seeing him brought back to life showed Allah’s power.
  • The notion that the cow possessed any holiness or sanctity was shattered. For if the cow had any power, any supernatural power, some calamity should have visited them as a consequence for slaughtering it.
  • But no calamity took place. Instead, killing the cow was beneficial because it revealed the killer, by bringing a man back to life.

 

Ayah 2:74: Then your hearts became hardened after that, being like stones or harder. For indeed there are stones from which rivers burst forth, and there are some of them that split open and water comes out and there are some of them that fall down in fear of Allah. And Allah is not unaware of what you do:

  • Their attitude still did not change! And their hearts were hardened.
  • Even after seeing a man come back to life after the slaughtered cow was thrown on him, they did not want to accept the truth and obey.
  • This was a clear sign, and they should have repented upon seeing that sign from Allah (swt). They should not have continued to question the messenger so much.
  • A person whose heart hardens, also loses the desire to be good, to do good, to spread good.
  • Signs around us should draw us towards Allah (swt), as Prophet Muhammad (saw) would.
  • Droughts, rain, eclipse, wind, earthquakes, etc. These are all signs, that should draw us closer to the Supreme being.
  • Signs around us constantly should drive us closer to Allah (swt), to remember Him, worship Him and to obey Him. These signs should remind us about the reason we are here. This is feature of a soft heart.
  • Don’t speak too much without remembering Allah (swt).
  • Furthest from  Allah are the hard-hearted.
  • The hard hearted, are those who see strong winds, lightening, thunder, earthquakes etc. and just dismiss them as natural calamities, rather than signs.
  • The King of Abyssinia was presented with the Truth, and he began to weep.
  • There are some stones from which rivers gush forth, split open and water comes out of the them. Some fall (landslides) out of fear of Allah (swt). Rocks fall out of fear of Allah (swt)
  • But a person who seeing all these signs, still does not accept the Truth, has a heart harder than stones.
  • Bani Israel are being reproached. After seeing so many signs, they still didn’t believe.
  • Some people are worse than rocks.
  • Cures for the hardened heart:
    • Recite and ponder over the Quran, reflect on it
    • Think of the greatness of Allah
    • Be kind to those who are the weaker members of the society
    • Visit the sick
    • Remember death
  • We should be like rivers, spreading goodness
  • Shaitan puts thoughts in our heads when we are helping and doing good: “that person is using you” or “that person is so and so”
  • Mumin is positive, doesn’t matter if people call you a loser, know that Allah is watching