5 times a day


As Muslims, we are obligated to pray 5 times a day.

7 days a week.

That is 35 times a week.

That’s 140 a month.

1680 a year.

At least…

Alright, ok you get the picture. So five times every single day, we stop whatever we are doing, get up and pray. Salat (Prayer) is huge and a hugely important part of our lives. It is the first thing that we will be asked about in the grave after we die. It was one of the gifts given to Prophet Muhammad (saw) by Allah (swt) during the night journey. Five times every day we have an appointment with our Creator, as we bow down to Him in submission, in humility. Five times a day we put aside all our worldly issues and focus on Allah (swt).

So doesn’t it make sense that we should know what we are repeatedly saying during these very significant parts of our day?  Even if we don’t speak or understand Arabic, it behooves us to at least know what we say during these specific five times of the a day.

As we all know, its honestly very easy for the mind to wander during prayer, and shaytan is always ready to pounce on the vulnerable. But by knowing and understanding what is we are saying and reciting during each step, each movement, each action in our prayers, we will deepen our concentration and focus our attention to Allah (swt). Therefore strengthening our connection and conversation with our Master during each of our prayers.

There are many translations of the prayer out there. We just need to make the small effort to learn it. I have pasted one below.

Heartsoflight.com also has a nice card pack you can download as a pdf, for free.

Salat Translation: 

Make the intention of praying then raise hands to ears and say:

Allaahu akbar

Allah is the greatest!

Subhaana Kal-lah hum-ma wabi hamdika watha-baara kasmuka watha’aala jad-duka walaa ilaaha ghayruk.

Glory be to you, O Allah, and all praises are due unto you, and blessed is your name and high is your majesty and none is worthy of worship but you.

A’udhu bil-laahi minash Shaythaa-nir-rajeem

I seek Allah’s protection from Satan who is accursed.

Bismillaah hir-Rahmaa nir-Raheem

In the name of Allah, the most Kind and the most Merciful.

Alhamdul lil-laahi rab-bil ‘aalameen

Ar rahmaa nir-raheem

Maaliki yawmid-deen

Iyyaa-ka na’budu wa iyyaa-ka nasta’een

Ihdinas siraatal mustaqeem

Siraatal Ladheena an’amta ‘alayhim

Ghay-ril maghdubi ‘alayhim

Walad daal-leen. Ameen


Praise is only for Allah, Lord of the Universe.

The most Kind, the most Merciful.

The master of the Day of Judgement.

You alone we worship and to you alone we pray for help.

Show us the straight way,

The way of those whom you have blessed.

Who have not deserved your anger,

Nor gone astray.

We can pray any Surah after reciting Surah Faatiha above, as long as it is a minimum of 3 verses or one long verse. The following is a short and popular Surah situated towards the end of the Qur’an called Surah Al Ikhlas:

Qul huwal laahu ahad.

Allaah hus-Samad.

Lam yalid walam yoolad.

Walam yakul-lahu Kufuwan ahad.


Say: He is Allah, the only one.

Allah helps and does not need help.

He does not produce a child, and He was not born of anyone.

There is no one equal to Him.

Subhaana Rabbi’al Azeem

“Glory to my Lord the Exalted”.

Sami Allaahu Liman Hamidah

“Allah listens to him who praises Him”

Rabbanaa lakal Hamd

“Oh our Lord, all praise is to you”.

Subhaana Rabbi yal A’alaa

“Oh Allah glory be to you, the most high.”

AthahiyyaatuLillahi Was Salawaatu Wattayyibatu Assalamu Alaika Ayyuhannabi ‘yu ‘Warahmatullaahi Wabarka’tuhu Assalamu Alaina Wa’alaa’Ibaadillaahis Saa’liheen, Ash’had’u’Allahaa ilaha illallahu Wa Ash’hadu Anna Muhammadun Abd’uhu Wa Rasooluh


All compliments, all physical prayer and all monetary worship are for Allah.

Peace be upon you, Oh Prophet, and Allah’s mercy and blessings.

Peace be on us and on all righteous slaves of Allah.

I bear witness that no one is worthy of worship except Allah

And I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger

Allaahumma Salleh Alaa Muhammadin Wa’alaa’ Aale Muhammadin Kama Sallaiyta Alaa Ibraheema Wa’ Alaa Aale Ibraheema InnakaHameedum Majeed

Allaahumma Baarak Alaa Muhammadin Wa’ Alaa Aale Muhammadin Kama Baarakta Alaa Ibraheem Wa’ Alaa Aale Ibraheema Innaka Hameedum Majeed


Oh Allah, send grace and honour on Muhammad and

On the family and true followers of Muhammad

just as you sent Grace and Honour on Ibrahim

and on the family and true followers of Ibrahim

Surely, you are praiseworthy, the Great.

Oh Allah, send your blessing on Muhammad and

the true followers of Muhammad, just

as you sent blessings on Ibrahim

and his true followers

Surely, you are praiseworthy, the Great.

Dua after durood

Rabbij’alnee muqeemas salaati wa mindhur

-riy yatee rab-banaa watha qab-bal du’a,

rab-ba nagh-firlee wali waaliday-ya

wa lil mu-mineena yawma yaqumul hisaab.


Oh Lord, make me and my children keep up prayers,

Our Lord, accept our prayer,

Our Lord, forgive me and my parents

and all the Believers on the Day of Judgement.

Rabbana Aatina Fid Duniya Hasanataw Wafil Aakhirati Hasanataw Wa Qina Adhaaban Naar

“Our Lord, grant us the good of this world and that of the Hereafter and save us from the torture of hell.”

Another dua one can make after durood is:

Allahumma inni zalamtu nafsi zulman kathiran wa la ya’ghfirudh dhunuuba illa anta fa’ghfir li ma’ghfiratan min ‘indika warhamni innaka antal ‘ghafurur rahim.

Translation : “O Allah, I have greatly wronged myself and You alone can forgive sins, so grant me forgiveness from you and have mercy on me. You are the forgiving and Merciful One.

Assalamu Alai’kumWarah’matullaah

“Peace and mercy of Allah be on you”.

Dua Qunoot (to be recited in the last rakat of the Witr Prayer)

Allah humma inna nast’eenuka wa nastaghfiruka wa nu’minu bika wa nathawak-kalu ‘alayka wa nuthne ‘alayk-al khayr. Wa nashkuruka wa laaa nakfuruka wa nakhla’u wa nathruku mayy yafjuruka. Allah humma iyyaka na’budu wa laka nusal-lee wa nasjudu wa ilayka nas’aa wa nahfidu wa narju rahmataka wa nakhsha ‘adhaabaka inna ‘adhaabaka bil kuf-faari mulhiq.


Oh Allah, we ask you for help and seek your forgiveness, and we believe in You and have trust in You, and we praise you in the best way and we thank You and we are not ungrateful to you, and we forsake and turn away from the one who disobeys you. O Allah, we worship You only and pray to You and prostrate ourselves before You, and we run towards You and serve You, and we hope to receive your mercy, and we fear your punishment. Surely, the disbelievers will receive your punishment.

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